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Summary of The Enemy by Pearl S Buck Class 12 English Vistas


Summary of The Enemy by Pearl S Buck Class 12 English Vistas

Notes for The Enemy

  • Sadao was a Japanese surgeon. He studied in America and returned with Hana, a Japanese girl whom he met there, and married her in Japan and settled down comfortably.
  • While most of the doctors were sent to serve the Japanese army in the World War II, Sadao was allowed to stay home because he was wanted by the old General who was dying.
  • But one night into his uneventful life came an American Navy-man, shot, wounded and dying. Though unwilling to help his enemy, Sadao took the young soldier into his house and provided him with medical aid.
  • He was in danger from that moment. Soon his servants left him.
  • Dr.Sadao saw that the soldier was getting well and absolutely alright.
  • Once his patient was no more in need of him, the doctor turned out to be his assassin, conspiring to kill him in his sleep.
  • He informed the his General and the General promised, he would send his private men to kill the American.
  • Sadao awaited the American's death every morning but to his gloom the man was still alive, healthier and posing danger to him.
  • At this point Sadao becomes the real man in him, a true human being who realizes the essential worth of human life and universal brotherhood.
  • He thinks beyond countries and continents and races and wars. He finds no reason to believe that the American is his enemy. Sadao rescues the American.
  • Thus, Sadao rises above narrow prejudices and acts in a truly humanitarian way.


The Enemy Summary in English

It is the story of a Japanese doctor named Sadao. He lives with his wife and two children in a house built on a narrow beach near the sea. Two servants also live with them in the house. One is a maid who looks after the children. The other is an old gardener.
One day, Sadao finds a man who has been flung out by the ocean. He has a bullet shot in his back. Sadao takes the man into his house. To his surprise, he finds that the man is an American prisoner of war who has escaped.
A war was going on between America and Japan and thus it was a grave crime to give shelter to an enemy soldier. Sadao could be arrested and punished for that. So he thinks of putting the man back into the sea. But then he thinks of his duty as a doctor also. He has been trained not to let a man die if he can help it. So he decides to operate and take the bullet out of the soldier's body. His wife gives him all help in doing so. However, she considers the man as an enemy all the time. The two servants leave them because they don't want to take the risk of what Sadao is doing. But Sadao's wife stands by her husband in every way.
Sadao keeps the man in his house for about ten days until he is quite normal. Now he wants to get rid of him somehow. If he hands him over to the police, he is sure to be killed. Sadao doesn't want that the man he has worked so hard to cure should be killed. So he adopts a course that could be the best under the circumstances. He helps the man to escape in a boat. Thus he gets rid of an enemy without having him killed. We can say that Dr Sadao rises above narrow prejudices and acts in a truly humanitarian way.

Summary of The Enemy in Hindi

यह सडाओ नाम के एक जापानी डॉक्टर की कहानी है। वह अपनी पत्नी और दो बच्चों के साथ समुद्र के समीप एक तंग से किनारे पर बने एक घर में रहता है। दो नौकर भी उनके साथ इस घर में रहते हैं। एक नौकरानी है जो बच्चों की देखभाल करती है। दूसरा एक बूढ़ा माली है। एक दिन सडाओ एक आदमी को देखता है जिसे समुद्र ने बाहर को फेंक दिया होता है। उसकी पीठ में एक गोली लगने का निशान पड़ा होता है। सडाओ उस आदमी को अपने घर के अन्दर ले जाता है। उसे यह देखकर हैरानी होती है कि वह आदमी एक अमरीकी युद्ध-बन्दी है जो बच निकला है। अमरीका और जापान के मध्य एक युद्ध चल रहा था और इस प्रकार एक शत्रु सैनिक को आश्रय देना एक भारी अपराध था। इसके लिए सडाओ को बन्दी बनाया जा सकता था और उसे दण्डित किया जा सकता था। किन्तु फिर वह एक डॉक्टर के रूप में अपने कर्त्तव्य के बारे में भी सोचता है। उसे यह प्रशिक्षण दिया गया था कि किसी व्यक्ति को मरने नहीं दिया जाना चाहिए यदि ऐसा करना सम्भव हो। इसलिए वह एक आप्रेशन करने और सैनिक के शरीर में से गोली निकाल देने का निश्चय करता है। ऐसा करने में उसकी पत्नी उसे पूरी सहायता देती है। तो भी वह पूरा समय उस आदमी को एक शत्रु ही मानती है। उनके दोनों नौकर उन्हें छोड़कर चले जाते हैं क्योंकि वे उस बात का जोखिम मोल नहीं लेना चाहते जो कि सडाओ कर रहा है। किन्तु सडाओ की पत्नी हर तरह से अपने पति का साथ देती है। सडाओ उस आदमी को अपने घर पर लगभग दस दिनों तक रखता है जब तक वह पूरी तरह ठीक नहीं हो जाता। अब वह किसी तरह उससे छुटकारा पा लेना चाहता है। यदि वह उसे पुलिस के हवाले कर देता है तो उसका मारा जाना निश्चित है। सडाओ नहीं चाहता कि जिस आदमी का इलाज करने में उसने इतनी मेहनत की है, वह मारा जाए। इसलिए वह एक ऐसा रास्ता अपनाता है जो उस परिस्थिति में उत्तम हो सकता था। वह उस आदमी की एक नाव के द्वारा बच निकलने में सहायता कर देता है। इस प्रकार वह एक शत्रु को बिना मरवाए उससे छुटकारा पा लेता है। हम कह सकते हैं कि डॉक्टर सडाओ संकीर्ण घृणाओं से ऊपर उठ जाता है और सच्चे मानवीय ढंग का कार्य करता है।
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