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Extract Based Questions for Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares Class 10 English First Flight with Solutions

Extract based questions for chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares has been prepared by our expert teachers. Students can read and learn from these questions and these are very important in their examination. Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares the Otter extract based questions are very helpful in understanding the chapter. It also help in the revision. Students can rely on these questions and answers taken from the extract of chapter The Sermon at Benares to get good marks in their English Paper.

Extract Based Questions for Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares Class 10 English First Flight with Solutions

The Sermon at Benares Extract Based Questions Class 10 English

Extract 1 The Sermon at Benares

Read the following extracts carefully and answer the questions that follow—

GAUTAMA Buddha (563 B.C.- 483 B.C.) began life as a prince named Siddhartha Gautama, in northern India. At twelve, he was sent away for schooling in the Hindu sacred scriptures and four years later he returned home to marry a princess. They had a son and lived for ten years as befitted royalty.

Question 1: Who was Gautama Buddha?
(i) a prince born in Southern India
(ii) a prince born in Northern India
(iii) a common man
(iv) a scholar
Answer
(ii) a prince born in Northern India
 
Question 2: What did Gautama Buddha study?
(i) old scriptures
(ii) old history records
(iii) Hindu sacred scriptures
(iv) different languages
Answer
(iii) Hindu sacred scriptures
 
Question 3: From his marriage he had :
(i) a son
(ii) a son and a daughter
(iii) a daughter
(iv) none of the above
Answer
(i) a son
 
Question 4: Which word in the extract means 'people of royal family'?
(i) sent away
(ii) befitted
(iii) royalty
(iv) prince
Answer
(iii) royalty
 

Extract 2 The Sermon at Benares

At about the age of twenty-five, the Prince, heretofore shielded from the sufferings of the world, while out hunting chanced upon a sick man, then an aged man, then a funeral procession, and finally a monk begging for alms. These sights so moved him that he at once went out into the world to seek enlightenment concerning the sorrows he had witnessed.
 
Question 1: While hunting, Gautama Buddha saw the following :
(i) an aged man and a sick man.
(ii) a funeral procession.
(iii) a monk begging for alms.
(iv) all of the above
Answer
(i) an aged man and a sick man.

Question 2: What did Buddha go out to seek?
(i) knowledge
(ii) enlightenment
(iii) peace
(iv) power
Answer
(ii) enlightenment
 
Question 3: How did various sights of sick man etc. affect him?
(i) he started crying.
(ii) he got angry and started shouting.
(iii) he got upset and worried.
(iv) he remained unaffected.
Answer
(iii) he got upset and worried.
 
Question 4: Which phrase means 'chanced upon' in the given option?
(i) happened to come across
(ii) got by chance
(iii) took a chance
(iv) none of the above
Answer
(i) happened to come across
 

Extract 3 The Sermon at Benares

He wandered for seven years and finally sat down under a peepal tree, where he vowed to stay until enlightenment came. Enlightened after seven days, he renamed the tree the Bodhi Tree and began to teach and to share his new understandings. At that point he became known as the Buddha.
 
Question 1: After wandering for seven years, Gautama Buddha sat under a :
(i) shed
(ii) tree
(iii) an umbrella
(iv) temporary tin roof
Answer
(ii) tree
 
Question 2: Under which tree he sat?
(i) Banyan tree
(ii) Oak tree
(iii) Mango tree
(iv) Peepal tree
Answer
(iv) Peepal tree
 
Question 3: The exact word that means "solemnly promise to do something" in the extract is :
(i) bow
(ii) brow
(iii) vow
(iv) now
Answer
(iii) vow
 
Question 4: What did Buddha do while sitting under the Bodhi tree?
(i) shared his new understanding
(ii) distributed food
(iii) talked and slept
(iv) enjoyed the shade and the nature
Answer
(i) shared his new understanding

Extract 4 The Sermon at Benares

The Buddha preached his first sermon at the city of Benares, most holy of the dipping places on the River Ganges; that sermon has been preserved and is given here. It reflects the Buddha's wisdom about one inscrutable kind of suffering.
 
Question 1: Buddha preached his first sermon at which city?
(i) Allahabad
(ii) Banaras
(iii) Kanpur
(iv) Gaya
Answer
(ii) Banaras
 
Question 2: The sermon preached by Buddha reflects his :
(i) Liking for the human kind.
(ii) intelligence
(iii) wisdom about the sufferings in life.
(iv) feelings for his family left behind.
Answer
(iii) wisdom about the sufferings in life.
 
Question 3:'Sermon' in the text means :
(i) a lecture
(ii) a debate
(iii) an article
(iv) a religious or a moral preaching
Answer
(iv) a religious or a moral preaching
 
Question 4: Find the exact word from the extract which means 'impossible to understand'.
(i) invincible
(ii) incomprehensible
(iii) improbable
(iv) inscrutable
Answer
(iv) inscrutable

Extract 5 The Sermon at Benares

Poor Kisa Gotami now went from house to house, and the people pitied her and said, "Here is mustard-seed; take it!" But when she asked, "Did a son or daughter, a father or mother, die in your family?" they answered her, 'Alas! the living are few, but the dead are many. Do not remind us of our deepest grief." And there was no house but some beloved one had died in it.
 
Question 1: Why did Kisa Gotami go from house to house?
(i) am seeds
(ii) mustard seeds
(iii) sunflower seeds
(iv) pumpkin seeds
Answer
(ii) mustard seeds
 
Question 2: Before taking the seeds, Kisa Gotami asked everyone if anyone of the following had died in their family :
(i) a son
(ii) a daughter
(iii) father or mother
(iv) all of the above
Answer
(iv) all of the above
 
Question 3: What did people ask Gotami not to remind them of :
(i) their old memories
(ii) their deepest grief
(iii) their past
(iv) their ancestors
Answer
(ii) their deepest grief
 
Question 4: Find the exact word from the extract that means 'deeply loved'.
(i) dear
(ii) mentor
(iii) beloved
(iv) dearest
Answer
(iii) beloved

Extract 6 The Sermon at Benares

"Not from weeping nor from grieving will anyone obtain peace of mind; on the contrary, his pain will be the greater and his body will suffer. He will make himself sick and pale, yet the dead are not saved by his lamentation. He who seeks peace should draw out the arrow of lamentation, and complaint, and grief." 
 
Question 1: Who said the above lines?
(i) Ashoka
(ii) Bimbisara
(iii) Buddha
(iv) none of the above
Answer
(iii) Buddha
 
Question 2: When can a person seek peace. When he stops :
(i) complaining
(ii) grieving
(iii) lamenting
(iv) all of the above
Answer
(iii) lamenting
 
Question 3: How does weeping or grieving help us?
(i) negative
(ii) positive
(iii) no impact
(iv) neutral
Answer
(i) negative
 
Question 4: Find the exact word from the text which means, 'to express sadness about something'.
(i) presentation
(ii) wailing
(iii) lamentation
(iv) mourning
Answer
(iii) lamentation
 

Extract 7 The Sermon at Benares

Buddha said, "The life of mortals in this world is troubled and brief and combined with pain. For there is not any means by which those that have been born can avoid dying; after reaching old age there is death; of such a nature are living beings. As ripe fruits are early in danger of falling, so mortals, when born, are always in danger of death. As all earthen vessels made by the Potter end in being broken, so is the life of mortals. Both young and adult, both those who are fools and those who are wise, all fall into the power of death, all are subject to death."
 
Question 1: Buddha said that after reaching the old age no one can avoid :
(i) falling sick
(ii) ageing further
(iii) dying
(iv) none of the above
Answer
(iii) dying

Question 2: According to Buddha, a ripe fruit is in danger of :
(i) getting split
(ii) falling
(iii) getting eaten by birds
(iv) getting decayed
Answer
(ii) falling
 
Question 3: The life of mortals in this world is :
(i) troubled, painful and brief
(ii) happy and brief
(iii) long and painful
(iv) pleasant, wealthy, joyful and brief
Answer
(i) troubled, painful and brief
 
Question 4: Find from the extract the exact word for 'a human being subject to death'.
(i) individual
(ii) no man
(iii) God
(iv) mortal
Answer
(iv) mortal
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