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Resources Extra Questions Chapter 1 Class 8 Geography

Chapter 1 Resources Class 8 Geography Extra Questions provided here is very useful in increasing concentration among students and increasing marks. Extra Questions for Class 8 will help you in understanding the concepts of the chapter properly.

Resources Extra Questions Chapter 1 Class 8 Geography

Chapter 1 Resources Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):

1. What are natural resources?

Answer

Resources that are drawn directly from nature are called natural resources.

2. What is the condition for a substance to be called a resource?

Answer

A substance needs to have some utility to be called a resource.

3. How are resources classified according to their distribution?

Answer

On the basis of their distribution, resources are classified into ubiquitous and localized.

4. What is the name given to the type of resources that have limited stock?

Answer

The resources having limited stock are called non-renewable resources.

5. Where are biotic resources derived from?

Answer

Biotic resources are derived from living things.

6. What do you understand by the word utility?
Answer

If a substance can be used in any way, it is said to have a utility.

7. What is human resource development?

Answer

Improving the quality of human skills in order to make them more useful is called human resource development.

8. What helps in making people a valuable resource?

Answer

Education and skill help in making people a valuable resource.

9. How are human-made resources different from natural resources?

Answer

Human-made resources have been created by human beings, whereas natural resources are provided by nature.

10. What is meant by sustainable development?

Answer

Sustainable development mean carefully utilising resources so that besides meeting the requirements of the present, also takes care of future generations.

Chapter 1 Resources Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. What is a resource? What are the criteria for any substance to become a resource?

Answer

All those substances which have some utility or usability are resources for us.
The different criteria required for anything to be resource for us are:
• Utility or usability
• Economic value or any other value
• Time and technology inherent, which can make the substance important for present or future requirements  of the people. For example, Discovery of fire led to the practice of cooking, Invention of wheel ultimately resulted in the development of newer modes of transport etc.

2. As human beings, how can we ensure sustainable development?

Answer

We can ensure sustainable development by ensuring that:
• The usage of renewable resources is sustainable,
• The diversity of life on earth is maintained,
• The damage caused to nature by our activities is as low as possible.

3. Explain how resources are classified broadly.

Answer

Resources are broadly classified into natural, human-made and human.
• Natural resources are those that are taken from nature. They are used without modifying them, i.e. in the same form as they exist in. Examples include rivers, lakes, air, soils, minerals, trees, mountains, etc. are natural resources.
• Human-made resources have not been provided to us by nature. Human beings have used their intelligence to manufacture them for their own use. Examples include vehicles, buildings, roads, telephone, etc.
• Human resources include people who serve us in any way. Example include a teacher, doctor, etc.

4. Explain the terms resource conservation and sustainable development.

Answer

Resource conservation is the concept of using resources carefully so that they do not end up quickly. The future generations also need the resources, but if we keep using them at a fast pace, they may end up, thus posing problems for the future. We should use resources in such a balanced way that we satisfy our needs as well as conserve them for future. This concept is called sustainable development.

Chapter 1 Resources Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. What is sustainable development? Mention some of its principles.

Answer

Sustainable development is a utilising resource in such a way that we not only think of meeting our own requirements of the present but also we are aware of their conservation for our future generations.
Some principles of sustainable development:
• Respect and care for all forms of life.
• Improve the quality of human life.
• Conserve the earth’s vitality and diversity.
• Minimise the depletion of natural resources.
• Change personal attitude and practices towards the environment.
• Enable communities to care for their own environment.

2. Describe how resources are classified.

Answer

Resources are broadly classified into natural, human-made and human.
• Natural resources are those that are taken from nature. They are used without modifying them, i.e. in the same form as they exist in. Rivers, lakes, air, soils, minerals, trees, mountains, etc. are natural resources.
• Human-made resources have not been provided to us by nature. Human beings have used their intelligence to manufacture them for their own use. Examples include vehicles, buildings, roads, telephone, etc.
• Human resources include people who serve us in any way. A teacher, doctor, carpenter, cobbler, etc are human resources.

On the basis of level of development, a resource can be actual or potential.
• An actual resource is one which is used currently. We know their quantity.
• A potential resource is one whose utility is not known at present or is not used despite having utility; instead it may be useful at some time in future. It means that it has the potential to have utility, although it does not have any today.

On the basis of origin, a resource can be abiotic or biotic.
• A biotic resource is the one that has life.
• A abiotic resource is non-living.

Natural resources may also be classified as renewable and non-renewable.
• A renewable resource can be used without any risk of its ending up. They exist in unlimited quantity.
• On the other hand, use of non-renewable resources need to be controlled since once they end up, they cannot be renewed.

On the basis of distribution, a resource can be ubiquitous or localized.
• A ubiquitous resource is found everywhere.
• A localized resource is however found in certain parts of the world only.
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