Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Extra Questions Chapter 8 Class 6 History

You will get Chapter 8 Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Class 6 History Extra Questions that are very much important during the preparation of examinations. These Extra Questions for Class 6 History will improve your knowledge related to the chapter.

Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Extra Questions Chapter 8 Class 6 History


Chapter 8 Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Where was Barygaza located?

Answer

Barygaza was located on gulf of Khambhat on the western coast of India.

2. In northern India, a village headman was known as ________.

Answer

Gram bhojaka

3. Where the largest collection of iron tools and weapons is found?

Answer

Megalithic burials.

4. Capital of Kushanas kings, popular for the worship of Lord Krishna was _________.

Answer

Mathura.

5. Name the place where the Sangam texts were composed?

Answer

Madurai.

6. Why the earliest coins were called 'punch marked coins'?

Answer

Because the designs were punched in to the metal.

7. What was the old name for Pondicherry?

Answer

Arikamedu.

8. What were Shren is?

Answer

The associations formed by crafts persons and merchants.

9. Who were Dasa karmakara?

Answer

Dasa karmakara were landless people who earned their living by working on the fields owned by others.

10. Who were Grihapatis?

Answer

Independent farmers

11. Of what materials the metal of the coins was made?

Answer

Silver or copper.

12. Who were Vellalar?

Answer

In Tamil region, large land owners were known as vellalar.

13. Jatakas stories are the part of ________ literature.

Answer

Buddhist.

14. What was the main function of the shrenis?

Answer

To provide training, procure raw material and distribute the finished product.

15. From the site of Arikamedu, the archaeologists discovered a ____________.

Answer

Warehouse.

16. What was the other name of stamped red glazed pottery?

Answer

Arretine ware.

17. Who were uzhavar?

Answer

In the Tamil areas, ordinary ploughmen were uzhavar.

18. Name the capital of Augustus.

Answer

Rome

19. A sailor who has described all the ports he visited belongs to ________.

Answer

Greek.

20. Who were Kadaisiyar?

Answer

Landless people in the Tamil region.

Chapter 8 Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. State the importance of Arikamedu.

Answer

Arikamedu was an important trade center around 2200 and 1900 years ago. According to Wheeler Arikamedu was a Tamil fishing village which was formerly a major Chola port dedicated to bead making and trading with Roman traders.

2. How did the pottery design got its name?

Answer

The pottery design got its name due to its predominant presense in the northern parts of the sub continent. The pottery design was popular in the later Vedic period. Some sites where the NBPW have been found are Mahasthan, Chandraketugarh, Bangarh, etc.

3. What were aqueducts? Why did the Roman emperor build huge aqueducts?

Answer

Aqueducts were huge channels to supply water. The Roman emperors built these aqueducts to bring water to the city for the baths, fountains and toilets.

4. During the period between 200 BCE to 300 BCE India enjoyed a good deal of prosperity. Explain.

Answer

During the period between 200 BCE to 300 BCE India enjoyed a good deal of prosperity. The number of artisans and craftsmen increased particularly in cities. The growth in art and craft led to specialization and greater technical skill in certain spheres of production.

5. What is the sangam literature and when were they composed?

Answer

Some of the earliest works in Tamil are known as sangam literature. They were composed around 2300 years ago. These texts were called Sangam because they were composed and compiled in assemblies, known as sangam, of poets that were held in the city of Madurai.

6. Name three different kinds of people living in the villages of Tamil region?

Answer

The three different kinds of people living in most villages in the southern parts of the subcontinent or the Tamil region were the landowners known as vellala, ordinary ploughmen known as uzhavar, and landless labourers such as slaves known as kadaisiyar and adimai.

7. Why was grama bhojaka powerful?

Answer

Grama bhojaka was the village headman. He was the largest landowner. He did not cultivate his own land and had slaves and hired workers to work on his fields. The King had given him the duty to collect taxes from the village. He functioned as a judge. He also had to perform the duties of a policeman. This added to his prestige and made him powerful.

8. Write short note on the Northern Black Polished Ware.

Answer

Archaeologists, while looking for evidence for fine pottery, found the Northern Black Polished Ware. It got this name since it was found in the northern part of the subcontinent, was black in colour and had a fine luster.

9. Write a short note on the shrenis.

Answer

During this period 2500-2000 BC, many craft persons and merchants formed associations known as shrenis. Their function was to provide training, procure material, and distribute the finished product. Then shrenis of merchants organised the trade. Shrenis also functioned as banks where rich people deposited their money.

10. What was punch marked coins?

Answer

The earliest coins which were in use for about 500 years were punch marked coins. They are called as punch marked coins because the designs were punched on the metal such as silver and copper.

Chapter 8 Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Mathura has been an important settlement for more than 2500 years. Explain.

Answer

Many distinctive features made Mathura an important settlement. Some such features are: 
• Its location at the cross roads of two major routes of travel and trade from northwest to east and from north to south. 
• There were fortifications around the city.
• It was an important centre for the production of some extremely fine sculpture. 
• It became the second capital of the Kushanas around 2000 years ago. 
• Several inscriptions on surfaces such as stone slabs and statues were found in Mathura.
• Buddhist monasteries and Jaina shrines made Mathura an important religious centre and it was an important centre for the worship of lord Krishna.

2. Briefly discuss the different kinds of people living in villages in the northern parts of the subcontinent.

Answer

• Villages in the northern part of the country were mostly inhabited by the village headman, independent farmers, field workers and craftsmen.
• The village headman was known as the grama bhojaka. He was the largest land owner and generally very powerful.
• The independent farmers were called grihapatis, most of whom were smaller landowners. Then there were people who did not own land and earned their living by working on the fields owned by others.
• This segment was called dasa karmakara. In most villages, there were also some crafts persons such as the blacksmith, potter, carpenter and weaver.

3. Mention some of the evidence which tell us about the life in early cities.

Answer

The following evidence tell us about the life in early cities:
• Sculptures used to decorate railings, pillars and gateways of buildings. They depicted scenes of peoples’ lives in towns and villages, as well as in the forest.
• Accounts of travellers and sailors who visited these early cities.
• Rows of pots or ceramic rings arranged one on top of the other which seems to have been used as toilets in some cases and as drains and garbage dumps in others have been found by archaeologists.
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