Towns, Traders and Craftspersons Extra Questions Chapter 6 Class 7 History

Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftpersons Extra Questions for Class 7 History is very helpful in scoring good marks in the examinations. Class 7 Extra Questions will Increase concentration among students and knowing how questions can be framed in the exams and prepare accordingly.

Towns, Traders and Craftspersons Extra Questions Chapter 6 Class 7 History


Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftpersons Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Where is the ancient capital of Vijayanagara located?

Answer

Krishna-Tungabhadra basin.

2. Rulers built temples to demonstrate their_____.

Answer

devotion.

3. What caused Murshidabad lose its prominence?

Answer

Murshidabad rose to prominence as a centre for silk and became the capital of Bengal in 1704. But it declined in course of the century as the weavers faced competition from cheap mill-made cloth from England.

4. What was the other name of "Saliyar" community?

Answer

Kaikkolars.

5. Which technique was used to make the Chola bronze statues?

Answer

lost wax technique.

6. The "devadasis" perform their dances on the occasion of__________.

Answer

Mahanavmi.

7. From where does the Bohras of Gujarat brought gold and ivory?

Answer

Africa.

8. What was the occupation of the "Saliyar" community?

Answer

Weaving.

9. Name the city popular as 'the city of temples' in the Chola Kingdom.

Answer

Thanjavur.

10. Who were devadasis?

Answer

Devadasis were temple dancers who performed before the deity, royalty and masses in the multi-pillared halls in the Virupaksha (a form of Shiva) temple.

11. Where does the kings in South India held their courts?

Answer

Mandapas.

12. Name the trading community which specialized in carrying bulk goods from one place to another.

Answer

Banjaras

13. Who lived in the 'Black Towns' in cities such as Madras?

Answer

The ‘blacks’ or native traders and craftspersons lived in the ‘Black Towns’.

14. Where the temple of Somnath is located?

Answer

Gujarat.

15. What was the name of the inlay work in copper and silver of Bidar?

Answer

Bidri.

16. Name the regions with whom the "Guilds" of South India mostly traded.Name the regions with whom the "Guilds" of South India mostly traded.

Answer

Southeast Asia and China.

17. What was the another name of the city of Vidisha?

Answer

Bhillasvamin.

18. Inside the temple of Rajarajeshwar, a structure of Lord Shiva is found in the form of __________.

Answer

Linga.

19. What was the most important item bought by the European traders?

Answer

Indian cloth.

20. What was the purpose of traders association called "Guild"?

Answer

To protect their economic interest.

21. From what material Padma saliyars of Andhra Pradesh wove cloth for gods?

Answer

Lotus Fibre.

22. Who was the first European traders to settle in India?

Answer

Portuguese.

23. Traders from the various countries settled on the __________.

Answer

Western coast.

24. Who constructed the Mahanavmi platform?

Answer

Krishnadeva Raya.

Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftpersons Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Write a short note on the Mughal karkhanas.

Answer

The karkhanas in the Mughal period were known as Buyutat also. Together with storing and manufacturing articles for the royal household and nobles' requirements, the mint, public treasury, treasury, department of construction of monuments, repairing, roads and artillery also came under Buyutat.

2. What was the status of Kashmir in the field of crafts during the medieval period?

Answer

Kashmir's status in crafts was very good as Kashmir became an important centre of making paper and wood binding trades. Various crafts such as stone cutting, stone polishing, bottle making, window cutting and gold beating also developed in Kashmir and other regional art and craft centers.

3. Vorah community was the most impressive trading community. Explain.

Answer

The trading communities in India were fairly large in number and incorporated some of the richest merchants in the world. The name of Virji Vorah, who dominated Gujarat trade for several decades had a large fleet of ships, Malaya Chetti on the Coromandal Coast and Abdul Gaffar Vohara were some of the noteworthy big merchants.

4. Why there was a sudden rise in crafts and townships during the medieval period?

Answer

The production of cash crops and growth of grain markets led to the rise of small townships or qasbas. The demand of all types of bourgeoisie led to the expansion of handicrafts and growth of towns. There was peace and security prevailing which boosted the external and internal trade.

5. Give details about Masulipattinam and its important trade activities.

Answer

Masulipattinam was a known port city and occupied a grand economic status in the time of Golconda Sultanate. It was connected with two trade cycles-those in the Bay of Bengal in the east and in the Arabian Sea in the west and worked as export and import port for vast hinterland. Main items of exports were textiles, iron and steel, indigo, rice, pepper, spices and salt while main items of import were tin, aromatic woods, wines, bullions and elephants.

6. What kind of market did the small towns have?

Answer

Small towns had mandapika (mandi) and hatta (haat) for the villagers to sell their products. Besides, there were streets for different kinds of artisans. Traders came from far to buy local articles and sell products of distant places.

7. Mentions any three distinct type of urban centres in the medieval period.

Answer

The three distinct types of urban centres can be identified as:
• Administrative towns: Delhi, Agra, Lahore, etc.
• Commercial and manufacturing towns: Daulatabad, Patna, Ahmadabad, Muziris, etc.
• Pilgrim towns: Banaras, Kanchipuram, Mathura, etc.

8. Ajmer provides an excellent example of religious co-existence. How?

Answer

Ajmer was the capital of the Chauhan Kings in the twelfth century. Under the Mughals it became the suba headquarters. It provides an excellent example of religious co-existence. Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti, the celebrated Sufi Saint who settled there in the twelfth century, attracted devotees from all creeds. There is a lake near Ajmer. It has also attracted pilgrims from ancient times.

9. The rise in trade and commerce increased the prosperity of Indian cities. Explain?

Answer

The mounting crafts and commerce and the increased use of money propped up the economy and prosperity of several towns during the medieval period. Important towns in North India were- Agra, Delhi,Gwalior, Kanauj, and in East India- Dhaka, Rajmahal and Patna. In South India- Malabar, Tamil Nadu, Daulatabad, Dabhol, and further in west India- Ahmedabad, Cambay and most parts of Gujarat got prosperous.

10. What was the role of a Samanta or a zamindar?

Answer

A Samanta or a zamindar built a fortified palace in or near these towns. They levied taxes on traders, artisans and articles of trade and sometimes "donated" the "right" to collect these taxes to local temples, which had been built by themselves or by rich merchants.

11. How did small towns serve the need of the people?

Answer

Small towns served the need of the people in a variety of ways :
• They usually had mandis to which nearby villagers brought their produce to sell. They also had market streets lined with shops selling household articles.
• There were also streets for different kinds of artisans such as potters, oil pressers, sugar makers, etc. People from far off places used to come to these towns to buy local articles and sell products of distant places like horses, salt, camphor, etc.

12. Which factors made Kabul politically and commercially important from the sixteenth century onwards?

Answer

• Kabul and Qandahar (in present day Afghanistan) were linked to the celebrated Silk Route.
• Besides, trade in horses was primarily carried on through this route. Kabul earned a huge sum through horse trade in those days.
• Camels carried dried fruits, dates, carpets, silks and even fresh fruits from Kabul to the subcontinent and elsewhere. Slaves were also brought there for sale.

Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftpersons Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Why did people from distant land visit Surat?

Answer

• Surat in Gujarat was the emporium of western trade during the Mughal period along with Cambay (present day Khambat).
• It was the gateway for trade with West Asia via the Gulf of Ormuz.
• The city was cosmopolitan and people of all castes and creeds lived there.
• There were also several retail and wholesale shops selling cotton textiles. The textiles of Surat were famous for their gold lace borders and had a market in West Asia, Africa and Europe.
• The state built numerous rest-houses to take care of the needs of people from all over the world who came to the city.

2. Describe the architectural splendour of Hampi. How was it a major commercial and cultural city in the fifteenth century?

Answer

• Hampi was known for its architectural splendour. The magnificent ruins at Hampi reveal that it was a wellfortified city. The buildings in the royal complex had splendid arches, domes and pillared halls with sculptures.
• They also had well-planned orchards and pleasure gardens with sculptural motifs such as the lotus and corbels.
• The commercial and cultural activities in Hampi were at peak in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Moors, (Muslim merchants), Chettis and agents of European traders such as the Portuguese, were the regular visitors to the markets of Hampi.
• Temples were the hub of cultural activities. Devadasis, i.e. temple dancers, performed before the deity, royalty and masses in the many-pillared halls in the Virupaksha (a form of Shiva) temple. The Mahanavami festival was one of the most important festivals celebrated at Hampi.
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