New Empires and Kingdoms Extra Questions Chapter 10 Class 6 History

Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdoms Class 6 History Extra Questions are very beneficial in understanding the key concepts inside the chapter. Extra Questions for Class 6 History is the best way through which one can touch every topics in the chapter and prepare well for the examinations.

New Empires and Kingdoms Extra Questions Chapter 10 Class 6 History

Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdoms Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Name the place which was the capital of Chalukya rulers.

Answer

Aihole.

2. Who was the founder of the Gupta dynasty?

Answer

Srigupta.

3. Who checked Harsha’s march into the Deccan?

Answer

Pulakeshin II.

4. Name the Kanauj ruler who was credited for performing Ashvamedha sacrifice several times.

Answer

Harshavardhan.

5. Who was Banabhatta?

Answer

Banabhatta was a poet laureate in Harshavardhana court.

6. Chandragupta II led an expedition to western India against __________.

Answer

Shakas.

7. How did the Sabha functioned?

Answer

The Sabha functioned through subcommittees, which looked after irrigation, agricultural operations, making roads, local temples.

8. What is the meaning of the term 'genealogies'?

Answer

Lists of ancestors.

9. The Sabha was an assembly of ________.

Answer

Brahmin land owners.

10. Harisena Prashasti refers to the exploits of ________.

Answer

Samudragupta.

11. Name an Indian king who was known as ’musician king’.

Answer

Samudragupta.

12. Why most of the rulers of the time took the title of maharaja and maharajadhiraja?

Answer

To show their influence and strength.

13. How internal trade was carried on?

Answer

By road and through rivers.

14. The early Gupta gold and silver coins were based on the coins of the ___________.

Answer

Kushanas.

15. What was the main reason for expansion of internal trade during the gupta period?

Answer

Peace and order on account of a strong gupta rule.

16. Who was the mother of the greatest Gupta emperor Samudragupta?

Answer

Kumara Devi.

17. How internal trade was carried on?

Answer

By road and through rivers

18. What did Fa Xian noticed during his visit to India?

Answer

The plight of those who were treated as untouchables by the high and mighty.

19. What was the meaning of a sandhi-vigarahika?

Answer

Harishena.

20. What is the most important teaching in the Islamic faith?

Answer

Equality and unity of all before Allah, the one supreme god.

21. Who was given title “Maha-danda-nayaka”?

Answer

Minister of war and peace.

22. Who is called as Indian Shakespeare?

Answer

Kalidasa.

Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdoms Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Write short notes on Banabhatta.

Answer

Banabhatta was a poet laureate in Harshavardhana court. He was a prolific Sanskrit writer, lived during the 7th century as the court chronicler of King Harshavardhana. 'Harshacharita' and ’Kadambari’ are among his renowned works. In 'Harshacharita', Banabhatta has narrated the complete life of King Harshavardhana.

2. What were the changes in the army after the Gupta period?

Answer

The protection of an Empire required huge and strong army. Thus, special attention was paid to maintain a huge and efficient army.
• Infantry, cavalry and elephants were the main divisions of the army.
• Besides, there were military leaders known as samantas, who provided troops to the king whenever required.
• Samantas were not paid regular salaries. Instead, some of them received grants of land. They collected revenue from the land and used this to maintain soldiers, horses and provide equipment for warfare.

3. How did the poet of Prashastis praise Samudragupta?

Answer

The poet praised the king as warrior and as a king who won victories in battle. He was learned and the best of poets. He is also described as equal to the gods.

4. Write a short note on Chalukyas.

Answer

The Chalukyas were one of the important dynasties in south India during 3rd -5th A.D. The kingdom of the Chalukyas centered around the Raichur Doab, between the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra. Their capital city was Aihole. It was an important trading centre. It was also an important religious centre, with a number of temples. Pulakeshin II was the famous Chalukya ruler.

5. Write a short note on Pallavas.

Answer

The kingdom of the Pallavas spread from the region around their capital, Kanchipuram, to the Kaveri delta. They were one of the most important ruling dynasties in south India during the 3rd to 5th A.D.

6. What was the Sabha during the Pallavas rule?

Answer

A number of local assemblies have been mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallavas. The Sabha was one of the local assemblies. It was an assembly of brahmin land owners. This assembly had sub-committees that looked after irrigation, agricultural operations, making roads, and local temples, etc.

7. What do you think were the causes of the downfall of the Gupta Empire?

Answer

The administration was decentralised and land grants were given to administrative officers in lieu of regular salaries. At times, these officers became powerful and started fighting for their independence. Also during Skandagupta’s reign, the empire was attacked by the Huns, the nomadic tribes from Central Asia. These attacks proved to be the death knell on the Gupta Empire.

8. What was the political scenario after the fall of the Gupta Dynasty?

Answer

The end of the Gupta Empire saw a period of disorder which prevailed for a while. There were many small kingdoms that became powerful and fought against each other. These were finally conquered by Harshavardhana who established a powerful empire.

9. How was the money spent which was collected in the form of revenue?

Answer

The money collected was spent on facilitating good administration. Grants and donations for religious and educational establishments were made. A portion of the revenue was also spent on maintaining the armies.

10. Who were Samantas?

Answer

Samantas were military leaders who provided the king with troops whenever he needed them. For their service they were not paid regular salaries. Instead, they received the grants of land from the king. They collected revenue from the land and used it for the maintenance of soldiers and horses and to provide war equipments. Whenever the king was weak they tried to become independent.

11. Who was Pulakeshin II?

Answer

Pulakeshin was one of the famous Chalukyan rulers. A prashasti, composed by his court poet Ravikirti, is an important source of information regarding his early life and his expeditions. This provides us with the information about his ancestors for four generations.It tells us that Pulakeshin evidently got the kingdom from his uncle. According to Ravikirti, he led expeditions along both the west and east coasts. He also checked the advance of Harsha.

Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdoms Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Mention three authors who wrote about the King and the lives of the ordinary people.

Answer

Kalidasa, Fa Xian and Banabhatta wrote about the lives of the ordinary people in the kingdom.
• In his plays, Kalidasa has shown the king and most brahmins speaking Sanskrit, while women and men other than the king andbrahmins use Prakrit. There is a remarkable description of the plight of a poor fisherman in his play Abhijnana Shakuntalam.
• The Chinese pilgrim Fa Xian has given a detailed account of the plight of the untouchables. They were mistreated by the high and mighty and were expected to live on the outskirts of the city.
• Banabhatta provides us with a vivid picture of the king’s army on the move.

2. Briefly describe assemblies in the Southern kingdoms.

Answer

A number of local assemblies were mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallavas. Most probably these assemblies were controlled by rich and powerful landowners and merchants.
• Sabha was an assembly of brahmin land owners. It performed various roles and functioned through subcommittees, which looked after irrigation, agricultural operations, making roads, local temples etc.
• The ur was a village assembly found in areas where the land owners were not brahmins.
• The nagaram was an organisation of merchants.

3. What do you mean by prashastis and how did they help?

Answer

• Prashastis is a special kind of inscription meaning "in praise of". They were composed in praise of the rulers.
• An important example is a prashasti of Samudragupta. It is a poem in Sanskrit, composed by his court poet Harisena, nearly 1700 years ago. It is inscribed on the Ashokan pillar at Allahabad. The poet has praised the king in glowing terms. He is described as equal to God. It tells about his conquests.
• Most prashastis also mention the ancestors of the ruler.
• Samudragupta’s great grandfather, grandfather, father and mother are mentioned by Harisena in the prashasti.

4. Mention four different kinds of rulers as described by Harisena. What was Samudragupta’s policy towards them?

Answer

Harisena, the court poet of Samudragupta has mentioned the four different rulers in the prashasti. Samudragupta’s policy toward them is as:
• The rulers of Aryavarta (Kanauj, Pataliputra, Prayaga, Mathura and Nalanda) were some nine rulers. These kingdoms were made part of Samudragupta’s empire.
• The rulers of Dakshinapatha were twelve rulers. These rulers were defeated by Samudragupta and then allowed to rule their kingdoms.
• The neighbouring states such as Assam, coastal Bengal, Nepal and a number of gana sanghas brought tribute, followed his order and attended his court.
• The rulers of north-west and the ruler of Sri Lanka submitted to him and offered daughters for marriage.
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