India: Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Extra Questions Chapter 8 Class 6 Geography

Given Chapter 8 India: Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Geography Extra Questions will help you in revising the chapter properly and excel in the examinations. VSAQs, SAQs, LAQs extra questions for class 6 will will be useful in knowing what can come in the exams.
India: Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Extra Questions Chapter 8 Class 6 Geography

Chapter 8 India: Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):

1. Mahagony, ebony, cinchonas are all part of _____________ rain forest.



2. From which season the migration is associated?



3. Name the place known as the homeland of the majestic Bengal tiger.


Ganga-Brahmaputra delta.

4. Name the wood used for making boats in the west Bengal.


Wood of Sundari tree.

5. Name one of the projects initiated by the government for the protection of animals.


Project Tiger.

6. What is the other name for south west Monsoon season?


Rainy season.

7. Name a tree that grows in Tropical Rain Forests.



8. Why does Sunlight can't reach the ground in the tropical rain forests?


Sunlight cannot reach the ground in the tropical rain forests because the forests are very dense.

9. What do you mean by Natural Vegetation?


Plants which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called Natural Vegetation.

10. Name the place where the world's highest rainfall occurs.



11. Why Sunderbans are named so?


Because they have the main tree Sundari.

12. The thorny bushes have leaves in the form of spines so as to reduce the rate of ________.



13. Give reason why temperature is low in northern India during the winter season?


Because the sun rays do not fall on the region directly.

14. How does trees maintain the atmospheric balance?


By adding carbon dioxide.

15. Name a tree that does not grow in Tropical Rain Forests.



Chapter 8 India: Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1. What is Biosphere Reserve? Name two of them.


Biosphere reserve is created to conserve biological diversity and genetic integrity of plants, animals and microorganisms in their totality. Biosphere reserves are undisturbed natural areas for scientific study. Two biosphere reserves are ‘Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve’ and ‘Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve’.

2. Name the major seasons experienced in India.


The major seasons experienced in India are:
• Cold Weather Season (Winter) December to February.
• Hot Weather Season (Summer) March to May.
• Southwest Monsoon Season (Rainy) June to September.
• Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn) October and November.

3. What are Sunderbans? Where are these found in India?


Sunderbans are the tidal forests. These are found near the sea coast in the areas flooded by tides of the seas. The Sundari trees grow abundantly in this region. So these forests are called Sunderbans. Other trees are mahogany, rosewood and bamboos.

4. What are the steps taken by the government to protect wildlife?


The government has taken many steps to preserve wildlife like:
• Many national parks, wild sanctuaries, zoological gardens have been set up
• Hunting of animals has been banned.
• The government has started many projects, such as Project Tiger, Project elephant etc.
• It is also observing wildlife week to create awareness among people.

5. Why do monsoon forest give a barren look?


Monsoon forest of India is also called deciduous forest, which have same variety of species. All the trees have same time period for shedding their leaves. In a year during a particular time, the trees shed their leaves. So, the branches become bare and the forest looks barren.

6. Indian economy is based on monsoon. Explain.


The climate of India has broadly been described as monsoon type. Due to India’s location in the tropical region, most of the rain is brought by monsoon winds. Being an agrarian country by nature, the agriculture is dependent on rains. Good monsoon means adequate rain and a bountiful crop.

7. How can you as an individual help in conserving wildlife?


• We can plant more trees, protect the existing ones and also make people aware of the importance of trees.
• We can organize programmes like Van Mahotsav to involve more people in making our earth green.
• We can refuse to buy things made from parts of the bodies of animals such as their bones, horns, fur, skins, and feathers.

8. Why are forest necessary?


Forest is very useful as they perform various functions:
• The roots of the plants bind the soil which helps in preventing soil erosion.
• They are the natural habitat for the wild life.
• They provide us timber for furniture.
• Plants release oxygen that we breathe.

9. What types of vegetation are found in Himalayas?


A wide range of species is found in the mountains according to the variation in height. With increase in height, the temperature falls. At a height between 1500 meters and 2500 meters most of the trees are conical in shape. These trees are called coniferous trees. Chir, Pine and Deodar are important trees of these forests. At the higher altitude, temperate grassland give way to the Alpine vegetation.

10. Distinguish between advancing monsoon and retreating monsoon.


Advancing Monsoon Retreating Monsoon
They mark the onset of monsoon. They mark the going back of monsoon.
The winds move from the sea towards the land. The winds move from the land towards the sea.
They carry moisture with them. They are dry in nature.

11. Write any three characteristics features of mountain vegetation.


• Mountain vegetation varies with height. At a height between 1500 metres and 2500 metres most of the trees are conical in shape. These trees are called coniferous trees.
• These forests cover mostly the southern slopes of the Himalayas, places having high altitude in southern and north-east India.
• Chir, pine and deodar are important trees of these forests.

12. Mention three main features of tropical rain forests.


Tropical rainforests are found in the areas which receive heavy rainfall. The main features of these forests are:
• They are very dense forests. As a result, sunlight doesn’t reach the ground.
• Many species of trees are found in these forests which shed their leaves at different times of the year. Therefore, they always appear green.
• Important trees found in these forests are mahogany, ebony, and rosewood.

Chapter 8 India: Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. Give a detailed description of the major seasons in India


There are four major seasons in India:

Cold weather season begins in December and stays till February. During these months, the sun rays do not fall directly in the region. As a result, the temperatures are quite low in northern India.

• The duration of the hot weather season extends from March to May. During these months, the sun rays more or less directly fall in this region. As a result, the temperatures become high. Hot and dry winds called loo blow during the day.

South-west monsoon season begins in June and lasts till September. During these months, the winds blow from Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal towards the land. They carry moisture with them When these winds strike the mountain barriers, rainfall occurs.

• The duration of the season of retreating monsoon is October and November. During these two months winds move back from the mainland to the Bay of Bengal. The southern parts of India receive rainfall in this season.

2. India experiences regional differences in climate. Explain by examples.


India is land of contrasts. In our country, we have great variations in climatic conditions. For example,
• Jaisalmer in Rajasthan is extremely hot, while Dras in Jammu & Kashmir is freezing cold.
• Mumbai & Kolkata have moderate climate while Delhi & Amritsar have extreme climate.
• Mawsynram in Meghalaya receives world’s highest rainfall while Jodhpur receives the lowest.
• The temperature variation between season is very large in north while is south it is not much.

3. Differentiate between evergreen forest and deciduous forest?


Evergreen Forests Deciduous Forests
These are also called tropical rain forests which receive heavy rainfall.  These are also called monsoon forests.
They are so dense that sunlight cannot reach the ground. They are less dense in comparison to Evergreen forests.
The trees shed their leaves at different times and thus they seem to be evergreen. All variety of trees shed their leaves at the same time and thus they can’t be considered as evergreen.
Important trees are Mahogany, Ebony and Rosewood. Important trees are Sal, Teak, Peepal, Neem and Shisham.
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