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Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication Extra Questions Chapter 7 Class 7 Geography

Chapter 7 Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication Class 7 Geography Extra Questions is provided here that will help in improving marks in the exams and answers difficult questions with ease. These Extra Questions for Class 7 with answers will let you know more about the essential topics given in the chapter.

Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication Extra Questions Chapter 7 Class 7 Geography

Chapter 7 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Name the two different forms of settlement.

Answer

Urban and Rural.

2. _____ are the means by which people and goods move.

Answer

Transport.

3. What factors led to the enlargement of human settlements?

Answer

The factors that led to the enlargement of human settlements are—development of trade , commerce and manufacturing.

4. Why did settlements grow near the river valleys?

Answer

As water was available and land near it was fertile.

5. The Trans Siberian railway is the longest railway system connecting ________ in western Russia to ______ on the pacific coast.

Answer

St.Petersburg, Vladivostok.

6. Which are activities practised by rural people?

Answer

The people living in rural areas are engaged in activities like agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work and trading.

7. How human settlements become larger?

Answer

With the development of trade, commerce and manufacturing, human settlement becomes larger.

8. In which type of activities does urban people engaged?

Answer

In urban areas the people are engaged in manufacturing, trading and services.

9. What is the benefit of railways?

Answer

The railway carries heavy goods and people over long distance quickly and cheaply.

10. What are called temporary settlements?

Answer

Settlements which are occupied for a short time are called temporary settlements.

Chapter 7 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. How did early people travel long distances?

Answer

Early people took a great deal of time to travel long distances. They had to walk and use animals to carry their goods. They also carried things on their head or on their back. Sometimes they even dragged things along the ground. Invention of the wheel made transport easier. With the passage of time different means of transport developed but even today people use animals for transport.

2. Distinguish between compact and scattered settlement.

Answer

A compact settlement is closely built area of dwelling, where flat land is available.In scattered settlement dwelling are spaced over an extensive area. This type of settlement is mostly found in hilly tracts, thick forest and region of extreme climate.

3. What is difference between permanent and temporary settlement?

Answer

Settlement which is occupied for a short time is called temporary settlement. Settlements where the people build homes to live in are called permanent settlement.

4. Name the important inland water ways?

Answer

The important inland waterways are the Ganga-Brahmaputra river system, the great lakes in North America and the river Nile in Africa.

5. Define the term 'Settlement'. What do you mean by permanent settlements and temporary settlements?

Answer

The term ‘settlement’ means a cluster of houses. Settlements can be temporary or permanent. Settlements which are occupied for a short time are called temporary settlements. The people living in deep forests, hot and cold deserts and mountains often dwell in such temporary settlement. In permanent settlements, people built homes to live in. When people started to grow crops, it became necessary to have a permanent home.

6. Mention three uses of Internet.

Answer

• We can send electronic mails or e-mails through Internet.
• It provides us with worldwide information and interaction.
• It has made our lives comfortable. We can get our tickets reserved for railways, airways and hotels sitting at home.

7. Enlist the merits of airways. 

Answer

• Air transport is the fastest mode of transport. It was developed in the early twentieth century.
• It is very expensive due to the high cost of fuels. However, it is the only mode of transport to reach the most remote and distant areas especially where there are no roads and railways.
• Helicopters are very useful in most inaccessible areas and in time of calamities for rescuing people and distributing food, water, clothes and medicines.

8. Mention different areas in which satellites have proved to be very helpful.\

Answer

Satellites have helped in oil exploration, survey of forest, underground water, mineral wealth, weather forecast and disaster warning.

Chapter 7 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Long Answer Questions (LSAQs):


1. How today’s world is shrinking?

Answer

With the every passing day the world is shrinking, and the globalisation process is taking place. Advancement in communication, transportation, and communication technology has played a major role in making a world a smaller place. Computer networking and fax machine allow world business to conduct negotiations within a second. Travelling abroad which once required days at sea, now only takes hours in the air. With the right equipment, people can talk to friends and family from the other side of the world. Technology advancement seems to make the world a smaller place to live hence we can assume that world is shrinking.

2. Give a brief description of the different modes of transport.

Answer

There are four means modes of transport: roadways, railways, waterways and airways.
• Roadways: These are the most commonly used means of transport especially for short distances. Road provide door-to-door service. They also provide a link between railway stations, air and seaports. Roads can be metalled as well as unmetalled. Highways, subways and flyovers are roads serving different purposes.
• Railways: These carry heavy goods and people over long distances quickly and cheaply. The railway network is well developed over the plain areas. Advanced technological skills have enabled laying of railway lines in difficult mountain terrains also.
• Waterways: These are the cheapest for carrying heavy and bulky goods over long distances. This means of transport has been in use since early days. It comprises inland waterways and sea routes.
• Airways: These are the fastest means of transport. Travelling in air is most comfortable but at the same time most expensive too. It is the only mode of transport to reach the most remote and distant areas especially where there are no roads and railways. Helicopters are extremely useful in inaccessible areas and difficult terrains.
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