On the Trial of the Earliest People Extra Questions Class 6 History

Here, you will find On the Trial of the Earliest People Extra Questions Class 6 History which is very important for the purpose of exams. We have provided the questions and answers of Class 6 History that can help you in gaining more marks in the exams.

On the Trial of the Earliest People Extra Questions Class 6 History

On the Trial of the Earliest People Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Name the place where Natural caves and rock shelters were found.

Answer

Vindhyas and Deccan plateau.

2. Write the name given to pre-historic age.

Answer

Old Stone Age or Palaeolithic Age or Earnest Stone Age.

3. On what surface People of the Stone Age made rock paintings?

Answer

Wall of the caves.

4. How can we say that the people of Kurnool caves were familiar with fire?

Answer

Because we have found traces of ashes at various sites.

5. What do you understand by the term “Habitation-cum-factory” Site?

Answer

Places where people lived as well as made tools are known as “Habitation-cum-factory Site”.

6. Natural caves in the Vindhyas region are found in the ________ valley.

Answer

Narmada.

7. What material was used to make Huts in Palaeolithic Age?

Answer

Wood.

8. Why did people chose to live in caves and shelters?

Answer

Because these protected them from the rain, heat and wind.

9. Name the material used to make clothes of early men.

Answer

Animal skin.

10. What was the mode of transport for the people of Palaeolithic Age?

Answer

Foot as there was no other mode of transport.

11. Why is Hunasagi famous in the history?

Answer

A number of early Palaeolithic sites were found here.

12. Name the place where Ostrich egg shells were found in India in the Palaeolithic Age.

Answer

Patne in Maharashtra

13. Scraping the bark off trees by early man was done by ____.

Answer

Stone tools.

15. What percentage of human history does the Palaeolithic period covers?

Answer

90 percent.

16. What does the rock paintings of Madhya Pradesh and Southern Uttar Pradesh depicts?

Answer

Animals and hunting scenes.

17. Why is Hunasagi popular in history?

Answer

Because a number of early Palaeolithic sites were found here.

18. What was the message of the inscription found in Kandahar?

Answer

It gives us the evidence that the Mauryan Empire was extended upto Afghanistan.

19. What is flint?

Answer

A flint is a hard grey stone that can produce a spark, whenever it is rubbed.

20. What was the advantage of clothes made from animal skin?

Answer

It protects and keeps the body at a suitable temperature during the winter and summer season.

On the Trial of the Earliest People Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Write a short note on Bhimbetka rock shelters.

Answer

The Bhimbetka rock shelters exhibit the earliest traces of human life in India. Its stone age rock paintings are approximately 9,000 years old. These rock paintings throw some light on the life and activities of the people who inhabited these shelters.

2. Write a short note on Mesolithic age.

Answer

Mesolithic age is also known as middle stone age. This period of the human history witnessed the changes in the climatic conditions. The temperature increased and allowed the growth of plants. The number of animals also increased with the increase in the grasslands.

3. How did early man learn herding and rearing animals?

Answer

When the hunters followed the animals for hunting, they might have learnt about their food habits and their breeding seasons. It is likely that this helped people to start thinking about herding and rearing these animals themselves.

4. Mention the techniques that were used to make stone tools.

Answer

• Stone on Stone technique: The pebble from which the tool was to be made (also called the core) was held in one hand. Another stone, which was used as a hammer was held in the other hand. The second stone was used to strike off flakes from the first till the required shape was obtained.
• Pressure flaking: The core was placed on a firm surface. The hammer stone was used to strike on a piece of bone or stone core to remove flakes that could be shaped into tools.

5. Why did the communities of early man emerge on the banks of rivers?

Answer

Water is found in rivers, lakes and streams. While most of the rivers are perennial others are seasonal. People, plants and animals need water to survive. This is the main reason that communities of early man emerge near sources of water.

6. What made early man to Start domesticating animals?

Answer

Due to change in climate conditions, there was an increase in the number of animals and the hunters started following them, which helped the early man to start domesticating animals.

7. What are Microliths? How did Mesolithic man use Microliths?

Answer

Stone tools found during the Mesolithic period are called Microliths. They were generally tiny in size. The Mesolithic man probably stuck these stones on to the handles of bones or wood to make tools such as saws and sickles. These tools were used for digging the ground and stitching clothes.

8. How were factory sites different from habitation-cum-factory sites?

Answer

Factory sites were those places where stone tools were found and made stone tools by the people. Habitation-cum-factory sites are those places where people made stone tools and lived for a longer spell of time. At these sites, good quality of stone was easily available.

9. What do cave paintings usually depict?

Answer

The paintings depict various activities of early man and tell us about their methods of hunting, fishing, collecting honey, religious practices etc. These paintings were drawn with great accuracy and skill. Many cave and rock paintings were found in India. Some of the best examples are from Madhya Pradesh and southern Uttar Pradesh. Paintings were made in bright colours. These colours were made from rocks and naturally available minerals.

On the Trial of the Earliest People Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Why was it difficult to hunt animals and gather plant produce in the early times?

Answer

The early man faced a lot of problems while hunting animals and gathering plant produce. Some of them are:
• Many of the animals that were hunted were strong and ran faster than man. To hunt these animals or catch fish and birds, early man had to be alert and swift.
• To collect plant produce, complete knowledge of plants was essential. Early man had to have the basic knowledge about which plants or parts of plants were edible, which were poisonous.
• They were required to find out about the seasons when the fruits ripen.

2. Why did hunter- gatherers move from place to place?

Answer

The hunter- gatherers move from place to place due to following reasons:
• If they had stayed at one place for a long time, they would have eaten up all the available plant & animal resources. Therefore they would have had to go elsewhere in search of food.
• Animals move from place to place, either in search of smaller prey, or, in the case of deer and wild cattle, in search of grass and leaves. That is why those who hunted them had to follow their movements.
• Plants and trees bear fruit in different seasons. So people may have moved from season to season in search of different kinds of plants.
• People, plants and animals need water to survive; people living on river banks would have had to go in search of water during the dry seasons as some rivers are seasonal while others are perennial.
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