MCQ Questions for Class 12 Political Science: Ch 2 Era of One Party Dominance

MCQ Questions for Class 12 Political Science: Ch 2 Era of One Party Dominance

1. Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) is used to record
(a) politicians’ preferences. 
(b) voters’ preferences.
(c) senior citizens' preferences.
(d) pressure groups' preferences.
► (b) voters’ preferences.

2. The First General Elections in India were held in the year
(a) 1951.
(b) 1952.
(c) 1953.
(d) 1954.
► (b) 1952.

3. The Indian leader who is the first recipient of the Bharat Ratna Award is
(a) Balraj Madhok.
(b) Rajagopalachari.
(c) B.R. Ambedkar.
(d) K.M. Munshi.
► (b) Rajagopalachari.

4. The socialists advocated ideology of
(a) Democratic Socialism.
(b) Socialism.
(c) Communalism.
(d) Hindutva.
► (a) Democratic Socialism.

5. The constitution of India came into effect on the
(a) 26 January 1948.
(b) 12 March 1948.
(c) 26 November 1949.
(d) 26 January 1950.
► (d) 26 January 1950.

6. One of the guiding principles of the ideology of Swatantra Party was:
(a) Interests of the working class
(b) Protection of princely states
(c) Economy free from state control
(d) Autonomy of states within the union
► (c) Economy free from state control

7. The party that won the second largest number of Lok Sabha seats in the first General elections was the
(a) Praja Socialist Party.
(b) Bhartiya Jana Sangh.
(c) Communist Party of India.
(d) Bhartiya Janta party.
► (c) Communist Party of India.

8. Institutional Revolutionary Party exercised power in:
(a) Mexico  
(b) Finland
(c) Cairo
(d) Brazil
► (a) Mexico  

9. In democracy, people use their power through the
(a) political parties.
(b) co-operatives.
(c) elections.
(d) non-governmental organizations.
► (c) elections.

10. The first three Lok Sabha elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962 were dominated by the Congress Party under the leadership of:
(a) Mahatma Gandhi  
(b) Indira Gandhi  
(c) Shayama Prasad Mukherjee
(d) Jawahar Lal Nehru
► (d) Jawahar Lal Nehru

11. Who was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India?
(a) Shayama Prasad Mukherjee
(b) Sukumar Sen
(c) Rajagopalachari
(d) Balraj Madhok.
► (b) Sukumar Sen

12. Which one of the following is a state where Congress was not in power even after huge victory in the first general elections?
(a) Bihar
(b) Orissa 
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Maharashtra
► (b) Orissa 

13. Who was the founder of Bharatiya Jana Sangh?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi  
(b) Indira Gandhi  
(c) Shayama Prasad Mukherjee
(d) Sukumar Sen
► (c) Shayama Prasad Mukherjee

14. Name the founder President of Congress Socialist Party.
(a) Acharya Narendra Dev
(b) K.M. Munshi.
(c) Shayama Prasad Mukherjee
(d) Sukumar Sen
► (a) Acharya Narendra Dev
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