MCQ Questions for Class 12 History: Ch 4 Thinkers, Beliefs and buildings

MCQ Questions for Class 12 History: Ch 4 Thinkers, Beliefs and buildings

1. How many avatars of Vishnu were identified by the Vaishnavas?
(a) eight
(b) nine
(c) ten
(d) eleven
► (c) ten

2. During the mid-first millenium BC, the religious philosophy of Zarathustra prevailed in
(a) Greece.
(b) China.
(c) India.
(d) Iran.
► (d) Iran.

3. Hagiography is the biography of a/an:
(a) king
(b) brahmin
(c) scholar
(d) saint
► (d) saint

4. Vardhamana came to be known as
(a) Buddha.
(b) Kalhana.
(c) Kalidasa.
(d) Mahavira.
► (d) Mahavira.

5. After Buddhism reached East Asia, pilgrims travelled to India, in search of Buddhist texts, from:
(a) Tibet
(b) China
(c) Korea
(d) Japan
► (b) China

6. A form of Hinduism within which Vishnu was worshipped as the principal deity is known as
(a) Brahmanism.
(b) Vaishnavism.
(c) Shaivism.
(d) Bhagavatism.
► (b) Vaishnavism.

7. The famous Buddhist centre Amaravati is located in the modern Indian State of
(a) Andhra Pradesh.
(b) Assam.
(c) Karnataka.
(d) Tamil Nadu.
► (a) Andhra Pradesh.

8. In cities of Taxila and Peshawar, Indo-Greek rulers had established kingdoms in the
(a) second century BCE.
(b) third century BCE.
(c) fourth century BCE.
(d) fifth century BCE.
► (a) second century BCE.

9. Buddha was born in
(a) Lumbini.
(b) Vaishali.
(c) Gaya.
(d) Rajgriha.
► (a) Lumbini.

10. According to Jainism, the last tirthankara was:
(a) Makkhali Gosala
(b) Siddhartha
(c) Mahavira
(d) Ajita Kesakambalin
► (c) Mahavira

11. ______ consists of hymns in praise of a variety of deities, especially Agni, Indra and Soma.
(a) The Rigveda
(b) The Yajurveda
(c) The Samaveda
(d) The Atharvaveda
► (a) The Rigveda

12. The internal function of the Sangha was based on the traditions of _____.
(a) Jataka
(b) Ganas
(c) Grihapatis 
(d) Yajnas
► (b) Ganas

13. Mahavira and the Buddha, questioned the authority of _______.
(a) The Jataka
(b) The Ganas
(c) The Vedas
(d) The Yajnas
► (c) The Vedas

14. Who was the first woman to be ordained as a bhikkhuni?
(a) Mahapajapati Gotami
(b) Mahapajapati Bodhi
(c) Mahapajapati Grishma
(d) None of the above
► Mahapajapati Gotami
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