MCQ Questions for Class 11 Geography: Ch 2 The Origin and Evolution of the Earth

MCQ Questions for Class 11 Geography: Ch 2 The Origin and Evolution of the Earth

1. Firstly life on the earth was originated in
(a) Water
(b) Air
(c) Plain land
(d) Mountains
► (a) Water

2. Which one of the following is not related to the formation or modification of the present atmosphere?
(a) Solar winds 
(b) Differentiation
(c) Degassing
(d) Photosynthesis
► (b) Differentiation

3. Why are the terrestrial planets rocky?
(a) These planets are smaller
(b) They could not hold the escaping gases
(c) Both a and b
(d) None of these
► (c) Both a and b

4. Which one of the following has the longest duration?
(a) Eons
(b) Period
(c) Era
(d) Epoch
► (a) Eons

5. Water vapours and gases in the atmosphere were contributed by
(a) magnetism.
(b) seismic activities.
(c) volcanism.
(d) tectonic activity.
► (c) volcanism.

6. Why are the terrestrial planets rocky?
(a) These planets are smaller
(b) They could not hold the escaping gases
(c) Both a and b
(d) None of these
► (c) Both a and b

7. The inner planets mean
(a) Planets between the sun and the earth.
(b) Planets between the sun and the belt of asteroids.
(c) Planets in gaseous state.
(d) Planets without satellite(s).
► (b) Planets between the sun and the belt of asteroids.

8. What is the distance between the Earth and the Sun?
(a) 149.6 Millions kms
(b) 15.98 Millions kms
(c) 169.34 Millions kms
(d) 179.67 Millions kms
► (a) 149.6 Millions kms

9. Which one of the following experts gave the Collision Hypothesis?
(a) Immunal kant
(b) Lalpace
(c) Chamberlain
(d) Sir James and Harold Jeffrey
► (d) Sir James and Harold Jeffrey

10. Who suggested that the earth and the moon formed a single rapidly rotating body?
(a) Sir George
(b) Sir Chamberlain
(c) Sir Moulton
(d) None of these
► (a) Sir George

11. About how many years back did stars originated?
(a) About 3 to 4 billion years before
(b) About 5 to 6 billion years before
(c) About 6 to 7 billion years before
(d) About 4 to 5 billion years before
► (b) About 5 to 6 billion years before

12. Which of the following is not an inner planet?
(a) Jupiter
(b) Mercury
(c) Venus
(d) Earth
► (a) Jupiter

13. Big-Bang theory was postulated by
(a) Georges Lemaitre.   
(b) Edwin Hubble.
(c) Schmidt.
(d) Wegener.
► (a) Georges Lemaitre.   

14. What is the diameter of Galaxies?
(a) Between 80 thousands to 1, 50,000 light years
(b) Between 70 thousands to 1, 30,000 light years
(c) Between 50 thousands to 1, 10,000 light years
(d) Between 30 thousands to 1, 20,000 light years
► (a) Between 80 thousands to 1, 50,000 light years

15. Expansion of universe means
(a) increase in the number of stars.
(b) increase in space between the galaxies.
(c) discovery of new celestial bodies.
(d) increase in the speed of rotation of planets.
► (b) increase in space between the galaxies.

16. Which one of the following experts gave the nebular hypothesis?
(a) Immunal kant
(b) Lalpace
(c) Chamberlain
(d) Moulton
► (b) Lalpace

17. The terrestrial planets were formed in the close vicinity of the
(a) Parent star.
(b) Asteroids. 
(c) Escaping gases.
(d) Outer planets.
► (a) Parent star.

18. The oceans were formed within __________ from the formation of the earth.
(a) 500 million years ago
(b) 300 million years ago
(c) 400 million years ago
(d) 200 million years ago
► (a) 500 million years ago

19. Fossils are
(a) remains of plants and animals in the rocks.
(b) the old rocks.
(c) the old books related to the origin of the earth.
(d) the dust particles.
► (a) remains of plants and animals in the rocks.

20. The wrong statement in relation to terrestrial planets is
(a) they are formed at quite a distant location.
(b) they have low gravitational pull.
(c) they could not hold the escaping gases.
(d) they are made up of rocks and metal, and have relatively high densities.
► (a) they are formed at quite a distant location.
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