MCQ Questions for Class 8 History: Ch 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age

MCQ Questions for Class 8 History: Ch 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age

1. Name the Act passed by the British In 1865 that gave British the power to declare any forest land as Government land.
(a) Forest Ruling Act
(b) Forest Regulation Act
(c) Forest Bye-Laws
(d) Forest Directive Act
► (b) Forest Regulation Act

2. From the following list of choices, which one would be most appropriate meaning of the term Adivasis ?
(a) Tribals
(b) Money lenders
(c) Land lords
(d) Village Headmen
► (a) 

3. Why did the British consider the Chhota Nagpur belt vital?
(a) This region had rich minerals and also dense teak and sal forests
(b) This region was an important place for the British to sell their produce .
(c) This region had a lot of adivasis who could work for the British
(d) This region had many big buildings
► (a) This region had rich minerals and also dense teak and sal forests

4. Why were the Baigas of Central India reluctant to do work for others?
(a) Since the Baigas were money lenders, they thought lending money was more profitable
(b) Since Baigas only reared cattle, they thought they cannot work as labourers.
(c) Since Baigas saw themselves as people of the forest, they thought it below their dignity to work as a labourers
(d) Since Baigas were tribal chieftains, they thought they cannot work as labourers.
► (c) Since Baigas saw themselves as people of the forest, they thought it below their dignity to work as a labourers

5. A few statement related to the Adivasis are given below. Choose the one that is not applicable to the tribals of India.
(a) Isolated, they stayed away from the society and never exploited nature
(b) They shared common culture
(c) The adivasis did not like to live in communities or groups
(d) They lived in forests and hills.
► (c) The adivasis did not like to live in communities or groups

6. What does the word dikus refer to in the Chhota Nagpur region?
(a) Natives
(b) Outsiders
(c) Citizens
(d) Communities
► (b) Outsiders

7. Lists of statements with respect to the tribal life are given below. Choose the one that does not pertain to the tribal life.
(a) The tribal groups lived by hunting animals and gathering forest produce.
(b) Most of the tribals ate fruits and roots collected from the forest and cooked food with the oil extracted from the seeds
(c) The tribals saw forests as essential for survival
(d) The tribals always migrated and hence did not have a permanent forest habitat.
► (d) The tribals always migrated and hence did not have a permanent forest habitat.

8. What did the Tribal groups do when they wanted to buy goods not produced in their locality?
(a) Tribals bought goods for higher prices from traders and money lenders gave loan for this.
(b) Tribals did not buy such goods at all
(c) Like a barter system, Tribals bought goods they wanted in return for the goods they produced.
(d) Tribals went to another locality worked there as labourers in return for the goods
► (a) Tribals bought goods for higher prices from traders and money lenders gave loan for this.

9. According to the list given below, who were the Van Gujjars of the Punjab hills?
(a) Reared only goats
(b) Cattle herders
(c) Village heads
(d) Money lenders
► (b) Cattle herders

10. Some important features of the Jhum cultivation are given below. Pick out the one that is not related to the Jhum cultivation.
(a) The cultivators cut the tree- tops to allow sunlight to reach the ground and burnt the vegetation on the land to clear it for cultivation
(b) Potash, the ash from the burning of the vegetation used to fertilise the soil.
(c) Once a crop is harvested they move to another virgin land and the old one remained fallow for many years.
(d) This type of cultivation is done on small patches of land and hence not suitable for forests cultivation by the tribals.
► (d) This type of cultivation is done on small patches of land and hence not suitable for forests cultivation by the tribals.

11. From the seeds of Sal and Mahua, the tribal extract oil to cook. What exactly is Mahua ?
(a) Root of a tree
(b) A flower that is eaten or used to make alcohol
(c) Stem of a tree
(d) Leaves of a tree
► (b) A flower that is eaten or used to make alcohol

12. Which among the following options best describe broadcasting or scattering
(a) The method of sowing seeds in Jhum cultivation
(b) The method of harvesting in Jhum cultivation
(c) The method of raising cattle in poultries
(d) The method of granting titles to the tribal chiefs by the British
► (a) The method of sowing seeds in Jhum cultivation

13. Which one from the following options is closest in meaning to Guerilla warfare?
(a) The suppression of a rebellion using non-violence
(b) An operation by the Government to control a large group of people who rebel.
(c) Non- conventional warfare of smaller groups attacking a large army
(d) Non- conventional warfare of a large army attacking a small group
► (c) Non- conventional warfare of smaller groups attacking a large army

14. From the given number of options, choose the one that can be best tells us about the Gaddis of Kulu.
(a) Money lenders
(b) Reared only goats
(c) Shepherds
(d) Tribal chieftains
► (c) Shepherds

15. In what way did the movement by Birsa Munda prove to be a significant one?
(a) This movement helped British to impose huge land taxes on the adivasis.
(b) He proved that tribal people had the capacity to protest against injustice and rebel against colonial rule.
(c) This movement proved that British was much stronger than the tribals.
(d) This movement helped the British to easily implement the Permanent settlement
► (b) He proved that tribal people had the capacity to protest against injustice and rebel against colonial rule.

16. Why were the Baigas of Central India reluctant to do work for others?
(a) Since Baigas were tribal chieftains, they thought they cannot work as labourers.
(b) Since Baigas only reared cattle, they thought they cannot work as labourers.
(c) Since Baigas saw themselves as people of the forest, they thought it below their dignity to work as a labourers.
(d) Since the Baigas were money lenders, they thought lending money was more profitable.
► (c) Since Baigas saw themselves as people of the forest, they thought it below their dignity to work as a labourers.

17. Apart from the Forest Regulation Act, which was the other Act passed by the British in 1871 which labeled all the adivasi groups that rebelled against the British as criminals.
(a) Illegal Tribes Act
(b) Illegal societies Act
(c) Criminal Societies Act
(d) Criminal Tribes Act
► (d) Criminal Tribes Act

18. What did the Bakarwals of Kashmir rear?
(a) Only horses
(b) Only cattle
(c) Only bullocks
(d) Only goats
► (d) Only goats
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