MCQ Questions for Class 8 Civics: Ch 10 Law and Social Justice

MCQ Questions for Class 8 Civics: Ch 9 Law and Social Justice

1. Which word is used for pollution?
(a) Contamination
(b) Toxic
(c) Pure
(d) None of these
► (a) Contamination

2. The law against child labour was implemented in
(a) 2001
(b) 2003
(c) 2005
(d) 2006
► (d) 2006

3. Even today more than a year after this law was passed ___ of child domestic workers are under the age of 16.
(a) 84 percent
(b) 74 percent
(c) 54 percent
(d) 64 percent
► (b) 74 percent

4. According to the 2001 census, over __ million children in India aged between 5 and 14 work in various occupations including hazardous ones
(a) 13
(b) 15
(c) 11
(d) 12
► (d) 12

5. In the eyes of the law it is _____ to deny workers their wages.
(a) illegal
(b) Accurate
(c) Legal
(d) Appropriate
► (a) illegal

6. The Census of India, __ puts rural household electrification at 44 per cent, leaving around 78 million households still in the dark.
(a) 2001
(b) 2011
(c) 1981
(d) 1991
► (a) 2001

7. Which of the following is powerlooms?
(a) Where the production is made by hand.
(b) Where the production is made by machines using electricity.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these
► (b) Where the production is made by machines using electricity.

8. What is the term used for a ten-year old child working in a factory?
(a) Child labour
(b) Factory worker
(c) Baildaar
(d) All of these
► (a) Child labour

9. South Asian countries "particularly__________" play hosts for industries producing pesticides, asbestos or processing zinc and lead
(a) India, Bangladesh and Pakistan
(b) India, Bangladesh and Japan
(c) India, Bangladesh and China
(d) India, Bangladesh and Brazil
► (a) India, Bangladesh and Pakistan

10. The term used for event in which large number of losses occur to life and property:
(a) Toxic
(b) Poisonous
(c) Disaster
(d) Vulnerable
► (c) Disaster

11. The Indian Constitution guarantees the Right to Education for all children between the ages of
(a) 6-18 years
(b) 6-15 years
(c) 6-14 years
(d) 6-16 years
► (c) 6-14 years

12. Union Carbide is an
(a) Australian company
(b) American company
(c) African company
(d) European company
► (b) American company

13. Right to life come under article
(a) 16
(b) 20
(c) 21
(d) 17
► (c) 21

14. Minimum Wages Act specifies that wages should not be below a specified minimum, whose interest is protected by this law
(a) Child
(b) Owner
(c) Women
(d) Workers
► (d) Workers

15. The money spent to purchase new machine or building for gaining profits in future is called
(a) investment
(b) expenditure
(c) losses
(d) none of these
► (a) investment

16. Which of the following are hazardous industries?
(a) Pesticides
(b) Asbestos producing
(c) Ship breaking
(d) All of these
► (d) All of these

17. Which type of pollution is created by vehicle’s smoke?
(a) Air pollution
(b) Water pollution
(c) Noise pollution
(d) All of these
► (a) Air pollution

18. How do the private companies earn more profit?
(a) Giving high wages
(b) Less working hours
(c) Both of these
(d) None of these
► (d) None of these
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