MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

1. The Treaty of Versailles (1920) signed at the end of World War I, was harsh and humiliating for Germany, because
(a) Germany lost its overseas colonies, and 13 percent of its territories
(b) It lost 75% of its iron and 26% of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania, was forced to pay compensation of 6 billion pounds
(c) The western powers demilitarised Germany and they occupied resource-rich Rhineland in the 1920s
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

2. In what ways did the First World War leave a deep imprint on European society and polity?
(a) Soldiers were put above civilians, trench-life was glorified
(b) Politicians and publicists laid stress on men to be aggressive and masculine
(c) Aggressive war propaganda and national honour were given the most support and Conservative dictatorships were welcomed
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

3. What was the response of the Germans to the new Weimar Republic?
(a) They held the new Weimar Republic responsible for Germany’s defeat and the disgrace at Versailles
(b) The republic carried the burden of war guilt and national humiliation
(c) It became the target of attacks in the conservative national circles
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

4. Which of the following statements is false about soldiers in the World War I?
(a) The soldiers, in reality, led miserable lives in trenches, survived with feeding on the copras
(b) They faced poisonous gas and enemy shelling and loss of comrades
(c) All soldiers were ready to die for their country’s honour and personal glory
(d) Aggressive propaganda glorified war
► (c) All soldiers were ready to die for their country’s honour and personal glory

5. What was Hitler’s historic blunder and why?
(a) Attack on Soviet Union in 1941 was a historic blunder by Hitler
(b) He exposed his western front to British aerial bombing
(c) The Soviet Red Army inflicted a crushing and humiliating defeat on Germany at Stalingrad
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

6. Why did Helmuth’s father kill himself in the spring of 1945?
(a) He was depressed by Germany’s defeat in Second World War
(b) He feared that common people would mishandle him and his family
(c) He feared revenge by the Allied Powers
(d) He wanted to die because of the crimes he had committed during Nazi rule
► (c) He feared revenge by the Allied Powers

7. Which of the following was a special surveillance and security force created by Hitler?
(a) Regular police force in green uniform and stormtroopers
(b) Gestapo (secret state police), the SS (the protection squads)
(c) Criminal police (SD), the security service
(d) Both (b) and (c)
► (d) Both (b) and (c)

8. Hitler’s world view, which was also the Nazi ideology, was
(a) There was no equality between people, only a racial hierarchy
(b) The blond, blue-eyed, Nordic German Aryans were at the top and Jews at the bottom. The coloured people were placed in between
(c) Jews were the anti-race, the arch enemies of the Aryans
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

9. Which of the following bodies was set up to try and prosecute the Nazi war criminals at the end of World War II?
(a) International Military Tribunal
(b) British Military Tribunal
(c) Allied Military Tribunal
(d) Allied Judicial Court
► (a) International Military Tribunal

10. Against which of these countries had Germany fought during World War I (1914-1918) ?
(a) England
(b) France
(c) Russia
(d) All the above
► (d)

11. Germany’s ‘genocidal war’ was against which of the following people?
(a) Jews and political opponents
(b) Gypsies and Polish civilians
(c) Germans who were considered mentally and physically disabled
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

12. What was the most important result of the Spartacus League uprising in Germany in 1918-19 ?
(a) The Weimar Republic crushed the rebellion
(b) The Spartacists founded the Communist Party of Germany
(c) The Weimar government accepted the demands of the Spartacus League
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

13. The National Assembly met at Weimer and decided to establish
(a) a democratic constitution with a federal structure
(b) a communist form of government
(c) a powerful monarchy
(d) a military state
► (a) a democratic constitution with a federal structure

14. Who were called the ‘November criminals’?
(a) The Opponents of Weimar Republic
(b) The Emperor who abdicated, and his men
(c) The supporters of Weimar Republic
(d) None of the above
► (c) The supporters of Weimar Republic

15. What was ‘Dawes Plan’?
(a) A plan which imposed more fines on Germany
(b) A plan which withdrew all punishment from Germany
(c) A plan which reworked the terms of reparation to ease financial burden on the Germans
(d) None of the above
► (c) A plan which reworked the terms of reparation to ease financial burden on the Germans

16. War in 1917 led to the strengthening of Allies and the defeat of Germany because of entry of
(a) China
(b) Japan
(c) the USA
(d) Spain
► (c) the USA

17. Which of the following was a feature of Hitler’s foreign policy?
(a) He pulled out of the League of Nations in 1933
(b) He decided not to attack any country
(c) He thanked the Allied Powers for having put Germany on the right track
(d) All the above
► (a) He pulled out of the League of Nations in 1933

18. Which of the following statements is true about the economic crisis in Germany in 1923?
(a) The value of ‘Mark’ (German currency) collapsed
(b) Prices of goods soared high
(c) Weimer Republic brought economic prosperity
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

19. When and among which countries was the Tripartite Pact signed?
(a) 1940, Germany, Italy and Japan
(b) 1939, Germany, Austria and USSR
(c) 1940, England, France and USA
(d) 1938, England, Germany and USSR
► (a) 1940, Germany, Italy and Japan

20. What gave Nazi state its reputation as the most dreaded criminal state?
(a) Extra-constitutional powers were given to the newly organised forces like Gestapo, the SS and SD
(b) People could be detained in Gestapo torture chambers and sent to concentration camps
(c) No legal procedures were there for the arrested people
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

21. Which incident persuaded the USA to join the war?
(a) Hitler’s attack on Eastern Europe
(b) Hitler’s policy of genocide of the Jews
(c) Helplessness of England and France
(d) Japan’s attack on the US base at Pearl Harbour
► (d) Japan’s attack on the US base at Pearl Harbour

22. Which incident led to the start of World War II?
(a) German invasion of Switzerland
(b) German invasion of Poland
(c) Russian invasion of Germany
(d) Japan’s sinking of ship at Pearl Harbour
► (b) German invasion of Poland

23. According to the Nazis, which people were to be regarded as desirable?
(a) Pure and healthy Nordic Aryans
(b) German soldiers who helped in territorial expansion
(c) German police of different types
(d) All those who were willing to consider Hitler as God
► (a) Pure and healthy Nordic Aryans

24. What was the destination of all ‘undesirables’ of the German Empire called?
(a) Land of ‘undesirables’
(b) Cursed land
(c) General government
(d) Land for the abnormals
► (c) General government

25. Which of these were the reasons of Nazi hatred of the Jews?
(a) Jews had been stereotyped as killers of Christ
(b) They were ‘usurers’, i.e. moneylenders
(c) The Jews had always cheated the Nazis
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

26. When did the Second World War come to an end?
(a) January 1944
(b) May 1945
(c) June 1946
(d) August 1947
► (b) May 1945

27. What was Nazi Ideology with regard to schoolchildren?
(a) He believed that education of children was not necessary
(b) A control should be kept over children both inside and outside school
(c) All children should be regarded as equal
(d) None of the above
► (b) A control should be kept over children both inside and outside school

28. The Nuremburg laws of citizenship of 1935 stated that :
(a) Only persons of German or related blood would henceforth be German citizens
(b) Marriages between Jews and Germans were forbidden
(c) Jews were forbidden to fly the national flag
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

29. What was the process of Nazi schooling for ‘Good German children’?
(a) Racial science was introduced to justify Nazi ideas of race
(b) School textbooks were rewritten
(c) Even the function of sports was to nurture a spirit of violence and aggression among children
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

30. What was the thinking of Nazi Germany about women?
(a) The fight for equality between men and women was wrong
(b) Girls had to maintain the purity of the race and teach their children Nazi values
(c) Their role was to be of mothers who had to be bearers of the Aryan culture and race
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

31. In which country did Nazi Germany first try its experiment of ‘concentration of Germans in one area’?
(a) Poland
(b) France
(c) Czechoslovakia
(d) England
► (a) Poland

32. Who wrote ‘Mein Kampf’?
(a) Herbert Spencer
(b) Charles Darwin
(c) Adolf Hitler
(d) Goebbels
► (c) Adolf Hitler

33. What was ‘Jungvolk’ in Nazi Germany?
(a) Magazine
(b) Holocaust camp
(c) Youth organisation
(d) Schools
► (c) Youth organisation

34. Who among the following was assigned the responsibility of economic recovery by Hitler?
(a) Goebbels
(b) Hindenburg
(c) Hjalmar Schacht
(d) Adam Smith
► (c) Hjalmar Schacht

35. In Germany students between 10-14 years of Age had to join an organisation named :
(a) Jungvolk
(b) Hitler’s youth
(c) Volkswogan
(d) Young Nazi Party
► (b) Hitler’s youth

36. In context of Germany what was ‘Holocaust’?
(a) Nazi propaganda
(b) Nazi Honour Crosses
(c) Nazi killing operations
(d) A Nazi School
► (c) Nazi killing operations

37. What did the term ‘Evacuation’ mean?
(a) Living in separately marked areas called ghettos
(b) Deporting people to gas chambers
(c) Arrested without any legal procedures
(d) Detained without due process of law
► (b) Deporting people to gas chambers

38. What was the name given to gas chambers by Nazis?
(a) Killing Machine
(b) Solution Areas
(c) Revolutionary Ground
(d) Disinfection Areas
► (d) Disinfection Areas

39. When did Germany withdraw herself from the League of Nations?
(a) 1930
(b) 1931
(c) 1932
(d) 1933
► (d) 1933

40. In Germany students between 10-14 years of Age had to join an organisation named :
(a) Jungvolk
(b) Hitler’s youth
(c) Volkswogan
(d) Young Nazi Party
► (b) Hitler’s youth

41. The Great Depression was a period of:
(a) Economic crisis
(b) Global crisis
(c) Political crisis
(d) Social crisis
► (a) Economic crisis

42. The Nazi party had become the largest party by:
(a) 1930
(b) 1931
(c) 1932
(d) 1933
► (c) 1932

43. Which article of the Weimar Constitution gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree in Germany?
(a) 46
(b) 47
(c) 48
(d) None of these
► (c) 48

44. To justify Nazi ideas of race:
(a) Social Science was introduced
(b) Racial Science was introduced
(c) Biological Science was introduced
(d) Moral Science was introduced
► (b) Racial Science was introduced

45. In May 1945, Germany surrendered to:
(a) Britain
(b) USA
(c) Italy
(d) Allies
► (d) Allies

46. Who among the following propounded the theory of the “Survival of the Fittest’’?
(a) Charles Darwin
(b) Herbert Spencer
(c) Adolf Hitler
(d) Isaac Newton
► (b) Herbert Spencer
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