MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science: Ch 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science: Ch 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

1. The three R’S that will help us to conserve natural resources for long term use are
(a) reduce, reuse, recycle
(b) reduce, regenerate, reuse
(c) reduce, reuse, redistribute
(d) recycle, regenerate, reuse
► (a) Reduce, reuse, recycle

2. When we destroy a forest, we destroy
(a) the trees
(b) population of wildlife
(c) the environment
(d) food and shelter of wild animals
► (c) the environment

3. Which of the following is the age old concept of water harvesting system in Madhya Pradesh ?
(a) Bundhis
(b) Ponds
(c) Bandharas
(d) Nadis
► (a) Bundhis

4. Which one is inexhaustible natural resource?
(a) forests
(b) minerals
(c) coal
(d) water
► (d) water

5. Which of the following canals brought about greenery in Rajasthan ?
(a) Rajiv Gandhi Canal
(b) Indira Gandhi Canal
(c) Jawaharlal Canal
(d) Mahatma Gandhi Canal
► (b) Indira Gandhi Canal

6. Environment Day falls on
(a) 28th February
(b) 23rd March
(c) 5th June
(d) 16th August
► (c) 5th June

7. Ganga Action plan was started in-
(a) 1975
(b) 1985
(c) 1995
(d) 2005
► (b) 1985

8. Sardar Sarovar Dam is constructed on which river?
(a) Ganga
(b) Sutluj
(c) Narmada
(d) Kaveri
► (c) Narmada

9. What do you mean by GAP
(a) Government Action Plan
(b) Ganga Action Plan
(c) Government Agency for Pollution Control
(d) Government Animal Protection Plant
► (b) Ganga Action Plan

10. Select the incorrect statement.
(a) forests provide variety of products
(b) forests have greater plant diversity
(c) forests do not conserve soil
(d) forest conserve water
► (c) Forest does not conserve soil

11. Which environmental problem is associated with the construction of high rise dams?
(a) A large number of human settlements are submerged in the water.
(b) It contributes to deforestation and loss of biodiversity.
(c) It involves the spending of huge amounts of money.
(d) All of the above
► (d) All of the above

12. The Indira Gandhi Canal has brought greenery to considerable areas of
(a) Gujarat
(b) Rajasthan
(c) Bihar
(d) Madhya Pradesh
► (b) Rajasthan

13. Which of the following is not an use of forest ?
(a) Controls floods.
(b) Used to make paper.
(c) Causes soil erosion.
(d) Resin, gum and drugs are obtained.
► (c) Causes soil erosion.

14. The most appropriate definition of any natural resources is that it is a substance that is
(a) present only on land
(b) available only in the forest
(c) a man-made substance placed in nature
(d) a gift of nature which is very useful to mankind
► (d) a gift of nature very useful to mankind.

15. Which of the following community in Rajasthan has a religious tenet of conservation of forest and wildlife ?
(a) Munda
(b) Jaishwal
(c) Bishnoi
(d) Jain
► (c) Bishnoi

16. Which of the following is the ‘biodiversity hot spots’ ?
(a) Rivers
(b) Forests
(c) Deserts
(d) Oceans
► (b) Forests

18. Which one of the following is an example of nonrenewable resource?
(a) Water
(b) Vegetation
(c) Wind
(d) Coal and minerals
► (d) Coal and minerals

19. Which one of the following is an example of renewable resource ?
(a) Coal
(b) Petroleum
(c) Wildlife
(d) Natural gas
► (c) Wildlife

20. The quality of environment can be improved by-
(a) deforestation
(b) over use of natural environment
(c) erosion
(d) conservation
► (d) conservation

21. Ground water will not be depleted due to-
(a) afforestation
(c) loss of forest and decreased rainfall
(b) thermal power plant
(d) growing of water demanding crops
► (a) afforestation

22. Surangams are the age-old concept of water harvesting in
(a) Karnataka
(b) Kerela
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Andhra Pradesh
► (b) Kerela

23. Ground water will not be depleted due to:
(a) afforestation
(b) thermal power plants
(c) loss of forest, and decreased rainfall
(d) cropping of high water demanding crops
► (b) thermal power plants

25. What is the purpose of rain-water harvesting?
(a) To hold rain water on the surface of the earth.
(b) To recharge ground water.
(c) To use water for the irrigation of crops.
(d) To rear fish
► 

26. Assertion (A) : Coal is one of the major source for the production of electricity.
Reason (R) : Coal is non-renewable source of energy.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
► (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

25. Assertion (A) : About 70 percent of earth’s volume is water.
Reason (R) : Water is easily available for all the population living on the Earth.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
► (b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

27. Assertion (A) : There is wide variety and species of animals and plants found in forest.
Reason (R) : Forest should be protected in order save wildlife and natural vegetation.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
► (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
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