MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 1 Power Sharing

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 1 Power Sharing

1. Which language was declared as the only official language of Sri Lanka by an Act passed in 1956?
(a) Tamil
(b) Sinhala
(c) Hindi
(d) English
► (b) Sinhala

2. Which is the capital city of Belgium?
(a) Wallonia
(b) Brussels
(c) Bonn
(d) Paris
► (b) Brussels

3. Which of the following is not a major social group in Sri Lanka?
(a) Sinhala-speakers or Sinhala Community
(b) Sri Lankan Tamils
(c) Indian Tamils
(d) Anglo-Indians
► (d) Anglo-Indians

4. In which part of Sri Lanka are the Sri Lankan Tamils concentrated?
(a) North and South
(b) North and East
(c) East and West
(d) South and East
► (b) North and East

5. Which of the following was not one of the initial demands of the Sri Lankan Tamils?
(a) Recognition of Tamil as an official language
(b) Regional autonomy
(c) Equality of opportunity in securing jobs and education
(d) Creation of an independent Tamil Eelam (state)
► (d) Creation of an independent Tamil Eelam (state)

6. Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are
(a) Buddhists
(b) Hindus
(c) Muslims
(d) Christians
► (a) Buddhists

7. Which of the statements about power-sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka are correct?
(a) In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking people
(b) In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority
(c) The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power-sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs
(d) The transformation of Belgium from a unitary government to a federal one prevented the division of country on linguistic lines.
► (d) The transformation of Belgium from a unitary government to a federal one prevented the division of country on linguistic lines.

8. What led to tensions between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities in Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s?
(a) Both the communities demanded special powers
(b) The minority French-speaking community was richer and more powerful than the majority Dutch-speaking community
(c) The majority Dutch-speaking community was richer and more powerful than the minority French-speaking community
(d) Both the communities were equal in socio-economic ladder and this was resented by the French-speaking community
► (b) The minority French-speaking community was richer and more powerful than the majority Dutch-speaking community

9. Which of the following countries have federal division of powers?
(a) India
(b) Belgium
(c) Sri Lanka
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

10. Non-sharing of power leads to
(a) peace among all the communities
(b) tyranny of the majority and oppression of the minority
(c) negation of the very spirit of democracy
(d) both (b) and (c)
► (d) both (b) and (c)

11. Choose the incorrect statement.
(a) Belgium and Sri Lanka are democracies
(b) Both of them dealt with the question of power-sharing similarly
(c) In Belgium, leaders realised that unity of the country was possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of all communities
(d) In Sri Lanka, majority community forced its domination over others and refused to share
power.
► (b) Both of them dealt with the question of power-sharing similarly

12. Which of the following is not one of the aspects of federal division of powers?
(a) Sharing of powers among central provincial and local governments
(b) Division of powers involving higher and lower levels of government
(c) The Constitution clearly lays down powers of different levels of government
(d) There is no vertical division of powers
► (d) There is no vertical division of powers

13. Which language was declared as the only official language of Sri Lanka by an Act passed in 1956?
(a) Tamil
(b) Sinhala
(c) Hindi
(d) English
► (b) Sinhala

14. Which is a prudent reason for power-sharing?
(a) It reduces the possibility of conflict between communities and ensures the stability of political order
(b) Power-sharing is the very spirit of democracy
(c) Both the above
(d) None of the above
► (a) It reduces the possibility of conflict between communities and ensures the stability of political order

15. Which of the following was not one of the initial demands of the Sri Lankan Tamils?
(a) Recognition of Tamil as an official language
(b) Regional autonomy
(c) Equality of opportunity in securing jobs and education
(d) Creation of an independent Tamil Eelam (state)
► (d) Creation of an independent Tamil Eelam (state)

16. Which of the statements about power-sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka are correct?
(a) In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking people
(b) In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority
(c) The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power-sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs
(d) The transformation of Belgium from a unitary government to a federal one prevented the division of country on linguistic lines.
► (d) The transformation of Belgium from a unitary government to a federal one prevented the division of country on linguistic lines.

17. Power sharing is good because:
(a) It increases the conflict between social groups
(b) It ensures the instability of political order
(c) It reduces the possibility of conflict between social groups
(d) It leads to violence
► (c) It reduces the possibility of conflict between social groups

18. How many times the Constitution of Belgium was amended between 1970 and 1993?
(a) Two times
(b) Three times
(c) Five times
(d) Four times
► (d) Four times

19. In which one of the following year Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country?
(a) 1947
(b) 1948
(c) 1948
(d) 1950
► (b) 1948

20. Which of the following languages is not spoken in Belgium?
(a) French
(b) Dutch
(c) Danish
(d) German
► (c) Danish

21. Choose the incorrect statement.
(a) Belgium and Sri Lanka are democracies
(b) Both of them dealt with the question of power-sharing similarly
(c) In Belgium, leaders realised that unity of the country was possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of all communities
(d) In Sri Lanka, majority community forced its domination over others and refused to share power.
► (b) Both of them dealt with the question of power-sharing similarly

22. Which one of the following communities constituted majority in Brussels?
(a) French Speaking
(b) Dutch Speaking
(c) German Speaking
(d) None of them
► (a) French Speaking

23. Power can be shared in modern democracies in the following ways:
(a) Among different organs of the government
(b) Among various levels
(c) Among different social groups
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

24. Who elects the community government in Belgium?
(a) People belonging to one language community only
(b) By the leader of Belgium
(c) The citizens of the whole country
(d) The community leaders to Belgium
► (a) People belonging to one language community only

25. Which one of the following communities constituted majority in Brussels?
(a) French Speaking
(b) Dutch Speaking
(c) German Speaking
(d) None of them
► (a) French Speaking

26. In which one of the following countries principle of majoritarianism led to civil war?
(a) Pakistan
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Belgium
(d) India
► (b) Sri Lanka

27. Which of the following statements is not true?
(a) In Belgium, leaders realised that unity of the country is possible only by sharing power
(b) In Sri Lanka, the majority community wants to force domination over others
(c) In Sri Lanka, the demand for more autonomy to provinces populated by Tamils has been granted
(d) Division of Belgium along linguistic lines was averted due to power sharing
► (c) In Sri Lanka, the demand for more autonomy to provinces populated by Tamils has been granted

28. Which two languages are generally spoken in Belgium?
(a) French and English
(b) Dutch and English
(c) French and Dutch
(d) Dutch and Sinhala
► (c) French and Dutch

29. Which of the following ethnic groups in Belgium has the largest population?
(a) Walloon
(b) Flemish
(c) German
(d) None of the above
► (b) Flemish

30. Division of powers between higher and lower levels of government is called
(a) horizontal distribution
(b) parallel distribution
(c) vertical division
(d) diagonal division
► (c) vertical division

31. Which one of the following is not a valid reason for power sharing?
(a) for majoritarianism
(b) being part and parcel of democracy
(c) to reduce tensions
(d) for political stability
► (a) for majoritarianism

32. Which one of the following statements about coalition Government is true?
(a) Power is shared among the different organs of the government
(b) Power is shared among governments at different levels
(c) Power is shared by different social groups
(d) Power is shared by two or more political parties
► (d) Power is shared by two or more political parties

33. The Government in which power is shared by two or more political parties, is known as:
(a) Community Government
(b) Unitary Government
(c) Federal Government
(d) Coalition Government
► (c) Federal Government

34. Which one of the following communities is not related to Sri Lanka?
(a) Sinhalas
(b) Indian Tamils
(c) Parsis
(d) Sri Lankan Tamils
► (c) Parsis

35. Tamil natives of Sri Lanka are called:
(a) Sri Lankan Tamils
(b) Indian Tamils
(c) Muslim Tamils
(d) None of the above
► (a) Sri Lankan Tamils

36. What is the percentage of German-speaking people in Belgium?
(a) 59
(b) 40
(c) 60
(d) 10
► (d) 10

37. Which one of the following is the only official language of Sri Lanka?
(a) English
(b) Hindi
(c) Tamil
(d) Sinhala
► (d) Sinhala

38. Power sharing is desirable because it helps
(a) to increase pressure on government
(b) to reduce possibilities of conflicts
(c) to generate awareness among people
(d) to increase percentage of votes
► (b) to reduce possibilities of conflicts

39. Which one of the following statements about community government is true?
(a) Power is shared among different organs of the government
(b) Power is shared among governments at different levels
(c) Power is shared by different social groups
(d) Power is shared by two or more political parties
► (c) Power is shared by different social groups

40. Which major social group constituted the largest share in population of Sri Lanka?
(a) Sinhalas
(b) Sri Lankan Tamils
(c) Indian Tamils
(d) Muslims
► (a) Sinhalas
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