MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 7 Outcomes of Democracy

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 7 Outcomes of Democracy

1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
(a) Most of the democracies have constitutions, they hold elections, have parties and they guarantee rights to citizens
(b) Democracies are very much different from each other in terms of their social, economic and cultural achievements
(c) All democracies are similar as far as social, economic and cultural conditions are concerned
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

2. Studies on political and social inequalities in democracy show that :
(a) democracy and development go together
(b) inequalities exist in democracies
(c) inequalities do not exist under dictatorship
(d) dictatorship is better than democracy
► (b) inequalities exist in democracies

3. Which regime usually develops a procedure to conduct social competition and reduce the possibility of social tension?
(a) Democratic regime
(b) Dictatorial regime
(c) Non-democratic regime
(d) None of these
► (a) Democratic regime

4. Why is there a delay in decision-making and implementation in a democracy?
(a) The government is afraid of taking decisions
(b) The government is hesitant in taking decisions
(c) Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation
(d) A democratic government is not interested in taking quick decisions
► (c) Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation

5. Which factor is often missing from a non-democratic government?
(a) Efficiency
(b) Effectiveness
(c) Transparency
(d) None of these
► (c) Transparency

6. Democracy is a better form of government because it:
(a) promotes equality among citizens
(b) enhances the dignity of the individual
(c) provides a method to resolve conflicts
(d) all the above
► (d) all the above

7. Choose the correct statement.
(a) Democracies can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups
(b) Dictatorships can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups
(c) No regime can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups
(d) None of these
► (c) No regime can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups

8. Which among the following has a higher rate of economic growth and development?
(a) Democracies
(b) Dictatorships
(c) All non-democratic regimes
(d) Monarchies
► (b) Dictatorships

9. Decisions taken by which type of government are likely to be more acceptable to the people and more effective?
(a) Democratic government
(b) Non-democratic government
(c) Military dictatorship
(d) Theocracy
► (a) Democratic government

10. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the distribution of economic benefits in democracies?
(a) Incomes of both the rich and the poor have been increasing
(b) Incomes of both the rich and the poor have been declining
(c) Incomes of the rich have been increasing and those of the poor have been declining
(d) None of the abvoe
► (c) Incomes of the rich have been increasing and those of the poor have been declining

11. Why is the cost of time that democracy pays for arriving at a decision worthwhile?
(a) Decisions are taken following due procedures
(b) Decisions are always in favour of people
(c) Decisions are more likely to be acceptable to the people and more effective
(d) None of these
► (c) Decisions are more likely to be acceptable to the people and more effective

12. In which of these countries half of the population lives in poverty?
(a) India
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Pakistan
► (c) Bangladesh

13. Which of these values have the moral and legal sanctions in a democracy?
(a) Gender equality
(b) Caste-based equality
(c) Economic equality
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

14. Which regime is best suited to accommodate social diversity?
(a) A democratic regime
(b) A non-democratic regime
(c) Only a dictatorial regime
(d) None of these
► (a) A democratic regime

15. Which among the following countries is a perfect example of accommodation of social diversity?
(a) Sri Lanka
(b) Belgium
(c) Saudi Arabia
(d) Pakistan
► (b) Belgium

16. In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct? Democracies have successfully
(a) eliminated conflicts among people
(b) eliminated economic inequalities among people
(c) eliminated differences of opinion about how marginalised sections are to be treated
(d) rejected the idea of political inequality
► (d) rejected the idea of political inequality

17. Democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting
(a) economic growth
(b) dignity and freedom of the individual
(c) economic equality
(d) None of these
► (b) dignity and freedom of the individual

18. Why is the cost of time that democracy pays for arriving at a decision worthwhile?
(a) Decisions are taken following due procedures
(b) Decisions are always in favour of people
(c) Decisions are more likely to be acceptable to the people and more effective
(d) None of these
► (c) Decisions are more likely to be acceptable to the people and more effective
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