CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2020-21| Check Latest Exam Pattern

CBSE has released Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2020-21. The board has decided to reduce the syllabus by 30 percent due to coronavirus pandemic. The question paper will be of 70 marks while practical work will be conducted of 30 marks.

CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2020-21

S. No.
Part AFundamentals of Physical Geography
Part BIndia-Physical Environment
Part CPractical Work


Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Unit 1: Geography as a Discipline

• Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes
• Branches of Geography: Physical Geography and Human Geography
• Scope and Career Options (Non-evaluative)

Unit 2: The Earth

• Interior of the earth
• Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics
• Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects

Unit 3: Landforms

• Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics
• Geomorphic processes: weathering; mass wasting; erosion and deposition; soil-formation

Unit 4: Climate

• Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate
• Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature
• Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

• Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents.

Unit 6: Life on the Earth

• Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Part B: India-Physical Environment

Unit 1: Introduction

• Location, space relations, India's place in the world.

Unit 2: Physiography

• Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers

Unit 3: Climate, Vegetation and Soil

• Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves
• Soils - major types (ICAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

Part C: Practical Work in Geography Part I

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps

• Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data
• Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps

• Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features
• Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital)
• Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.

Deleted Chapters from Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2020-21

Book I – Fundamentals of Physical Geography

• Unit II - Chapter 2 – The Origin and Evolution of the Earth
• Unit III - Chapter 7 – Landforms and their Evolution
• Unit IV -Chapter 10 – Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems
• Unit V -Chapter 12 – World Climate and Climate Change, Chapter 13 – Water (Oceans)

Book II – India Physical Environment

• Unit II - Chapter 2 – Structure and Physiography
• Unit III - Chapter 4 – Climate
• Unit IV - Chapter 7 – Natural Hazards and Disasters

Practical Geography Part I

• Chapter 4 – Map Projections
• Chapter 5 – Topographical Maps

Prescribed Books:

• Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Class XI, Published by NCERT
• India, Physical Environment, Class XI, Published by NCERT
• Practical Work in Geography, Class XI, Published by NCERT

Download Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2020-21

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