NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 5 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations Exercise 5.1

You can find Chapter 5 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations Exercise 5.1 NCERT Solutions for Class 11 here that will help you in building basics of the chapter before going for advance books. Class 11 Maths NCERT Solutions given here are prepared by expert team of Studyrankers so you can get best answers at ease and free of cost.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 5 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations Exercise 5.1

1. Express each of the complex number given in exercise 1 to 7 in the form a + ib

Answer
 = 3i2 = 3(-1) = 3

2. i9 + i19

Answer

i9 + i19 = (i2)4. i + (i2)9 .i
= (-1)4i + (-1)9 i
= i - i = 0

3. i-39

Answer

(i)39 = (i2)-19 i = (-1)-19 . i-1
= 1/(-1)19 × 1/i = 1/i × i/i = -i/(i2) = -i/-1 = i

4. 3(7 + i7) + i(7 + i7)

Answer

3(7 + i7) + i(7 + i7) = 21 + 21i + 7i + 7i2
= 21 + 28i + 7(-1)
= 14 + 28i

5. (1 - i)-(-1 + i6)

Answer

(1 - i) - (-1 + i.6) = (1 - i) + (1 - 6i)
=1 + 1 - i - 6i
= 2 - 7i = (a + ib),
where a= 2, b = - 7

6.


Answer


= - (21/5) - (21/10)i

7.
 

Answer




= (a + ib) where a = 17/3, b = 5/3

8. Express each of the complex number (1 – i)4 in the form a + ib.

Answer

 (1 – i)4 = [(1 – i)2]2
= (1 + i2 – 2i)2 = (1 – 1 – 2i)2
= (-2i)2 = 4i2 = 4(-1) = -4

9. Express the complex number (1/3 + 3i)3 in the form a + ib.

Answer

(1/ 3 + 3i)3 = (1/3)3 + 3(1/3)2 (3i) + 3.(1/3)(3i)2 + (3i)3
= 1/27 + i + 9(-1) + 27i3
= 1/27 + i + 9(-1) + 27i.(i2)
= 1/27 + i + 9(-1) + 27 i.(-1)
= 1/27 + i – 9 – 27i =

10. Express of the complex number in the form a + ib

Answer



= -8 -4i - 6 × 1/9 (i2) - 1/27 i3
= -8 -4i - 2/3 (-1) - 1/27 i.i2
= -8 - 4i + 2/3 - 1/27 i.(-1)
= -8 - 4i + 2/3 + 1/27 i
= -(22/3) - (107/27)i

11. Find the multiplicative inverse of 4 – 3i

Answer

We have multiplicative inverse of 4 – 3i
= 1/(4 – 3i) × (4 + 3i)/(4 + 3i)
= (4 + 3i)/(42 – 9i2) = (4 + 3i)/(16 + 9) = (4 + 3i)/25 = 4/25 + i.3/25

12. Find the multiplicative inverse of ( √5 + 3i)

Answer

We have multiplicative inverse of √5 + 3i
= 1/( √5 + 3i) × ( √5 – 3i)/( √5 – 3i) (multiply by conjugate)
= ( √5 – 3i)/(5 – 9i2) = ( √5 – 3i)/(5 + 9) = (√5 – 3i)/14 = √5/14 - 3/14 i
[ ∵ (a + ib)(a – ib) = a2 +b2]

13. Find the multiplicative inverse of –i.

Answer

We have multiplicative inverse of –i = 1/-i
Multiply by conjugate
= 1/-i × i/i = -i/i2 = -i/1 = i = 0 + i. 1

14. Express the following in the form of a + ib:


Answer

We have



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