Solutions to CBSE Social Science Sample Paper 2020| Class 10th

Question of CBSE Social Science Sample Paper 2020

Section - A Very Short Answer Questions

Column A Column B
A. Rashsundari Debi 3. Amar Jiban 
B. Sudarshan Chakr 4. Sacchi Kavitayen
C. Kashibaba 1. Chhote Aur Bade Ka Sawal
D. Bal Gangadhar Tilak  2. Kesari

(History, Print Culture and the Modern World, Page No. 126)

2. A. Wanted members of Congress to return to Council Politics

(History, Chapter- 2; The Nationalism in India -Page No. 38)

3. A. Heroism and Justice

(History – The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, Page No. 23)

Note: This question is in lieu of Q3 for Visually Impaired Candidates.
3. Heroism

(History – The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, Page No. 9)

4. Otto Von Bismarck
(History, The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, Page No. 19)

5. B. Uncultivable Land
(Geography, Chapter- 1; Resources and Development, Page No. 5)

Rice  Annual rain fall Cropping required  Cropping season  Temperature required for its growth (in degrees)
100 cm(A) Kharif Cropping Season(B) 16°C – 27°C

(Geography, Chapter-3, Agriculture Page No. 32)

7. Making people aware about renewable energy resources/use of rooftop solar panels/solar
street lighting system/any other relevant point

(Geography, Chapter- 5; Minerals and Energy Resources, Page No. 62)
Improved technologies/ Recycling of metals/ Using scrap metals and other substitutes /Any other relevant point

(Geography,  Chapter- 5; Minerals and Energy Resources,pg-58

8. In Srilanka, an Act was passed in 1956 to recognise Sinhala as the only official language,

(Civics, Chapter- 1 Power Sharing Page No. 3)
Belgium is a small country in Europe and share borders with France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

(Civics, Chapter- 1 Power Sharing, Page No. 2)

9. Democratic Government is coping with multiple pressures through accommodation.
Note: This question is in lieu of Q9 for visually impaired candidates
9. Dignity of individual (gender, caste, religion)/ any other relevant point.

(Civics, Chapter- 7 Outcomes of Democracy / Page No. 98)

10. Lack of legally imposed quotas or reservation policy at central level / Any other relevant
(Civics, Chapter- 4 Gender, Caste and Religion, Page No. 44)
India is a secular country/ any other relevant answer

(Civics, Chapter- 4 Gender, Caste and Religion, Page No. 47)

11. The Mayor/Municipal Commissioner/Alderman

(Civics,Chapter- 2 Federalism, Page No. 25)
Union Government

(Civics,Chapter- 2 Federalism, Page No. 17)

Weight of person in kg and height in metres is taken. Divide the weight by the square of the height.

(Economics, Ch-1 Development, Page No. 13)

13. B. Present generation fulfils its needs while considering the needs of the future generation as well.

(Economics, Ch- Development, Page No. 13)

14. Implementation of stringent policies to control misuse of water
(Or Any other valid point)

(Economics Ch- Development, Page No. 14)

15. D- Teacher

(Economics, Ch- Sectors of Economy, Page No. 20)

16. Infant mortality rate (IMR)
Net Attendance Ratio
(Economics Ch- Development, Page No. 14)

17. D. Demand deposit facility is like cheque
(Economics, Ch- money and credit Page No.41)

18. B. iii –iv—i--ii 

(Economics, Ch- Sectors of Economy, Page No. 20)

19. a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. 

(Economics, Ch- Sectors of Economy, Page No. 22)

20. B. Terms of Credit 

(Economics, Ch – Money and Credit, Page No. 45)

Section - B Short Answer Questions

21. Jallianwalla Bagh incident.
i. On 13 April, Jallianwalla Bagh incident took place.
ii. On that day a crowd of villagers who had come to Amritsar to attend a fair gathered in the enclosed ground of Jallianwalla Bagh.
iii. Being from outside the city, they were unaware of the martial law that had been imposed.
iv. Dyer entered the area, blocked the exit points, and opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds. 

(History, Nationalism in India, Page No. 31)
Role of Alluri Sitaram Raju in the Gudem hills of Andhra Pradesh:
i. Alluri Sitaram Raju claimed that he had a variety of special powers like making
astrological predictions, healing people and surviving bullet shots
ii. The rebels proclaimed him as an incarnation of God.
iii. Raju was inspired by Gandhiji’s Non-Cooperation Movement
iv. Persuaded people to wear khadi and give up drinking.
v. But at the same time he asserted that India could be liberated only by the use of force,
not non-violence.
vi. Used guerrilla warfare for achieving swaraj.

(History, Nationalism in India, Page No. 36)

22. European flee to America in 19th century
i.Poverty and hunger were common in Europe.
ii.Cities were crowded and deadly diseases were widespread.
iii.Religious conflicts were common and religious dissenters were persecuted.
iv.Plantations were worked on by slaves.

(History, The Making Of The Global World, Page No. 56)
Merchants moved to the countryside Europe
i. Expansion of world trade and the acquisition ofcolonies.
ii. Powerful urban craft and trade guildsdid not allow expansion of production in towns.
iii. Producers regulated production, competition, prices.
iv. Rulers also granted different guilds the monopoly right to produce and trade in specific products.
v. It was therefore difficult for new merchants to set up business in towns. So they turned to the countryside.
Any three points to be explained

(History, Chapter-5; The Age of Industrialization Page No. 81)

23.1. Print introduced a new world of debate and discussion which led to the beginning of the Protestant Reformation with the contribution of Martin Luther.

23.2. Newspapers, journals, chapbooks and other medium popularised thescientific ideas of scientist
and philosopherslike Isaac Newton,Thomas Paine, Voltaire and Jean Jacques Rousseau.

23.3. i. Print popularised the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers.
ii. All values, norms and institutions were re-evaluated and discussed.
iii. It led to the growth of hostile sentiments against the French monarchy.
iv. Any other relevant point
Any one point to be explained

(History, Print culture and the Modern World, Page No. 112-116)

24. “Energy saved is energy produced”.
i. Promotion of energy conservation and increased use of renewable energy sources are the twin planks of sustainable energy.
ii. India is presently one of the least energy efficient countries in the world.
iii. We have to adopt a cautious approach for the judicious use of our limited energy resources.
iv. Using public transport systems instead of individual vehicles.
v. Switching off electricity when not in use.
vi. Using power-saving devices and using non-conventional sources of energy.
Any other relevant point
(Geography, Minerals, Page No. 63)
“India has fairly rich and varied mineral resources across different regions”.
i. Peninsular rocks contain most of the reserves of coal, metallic minerals, mica and many
other non-metallic minerals.
ii. Sedimentary rocks on the western and eastern flanks of the peninsula, in Gujarat and
Assam have most of the petroleum deposits.
iii. Rajasthan with the rock systems of the peninsula, has reserves of many non-ferrous
minerals.The vast alluvial plains of North India are almost devoid of economic minerals.
Any three points to be explained

(Geography, Chapter- 5; Mineral and Energy Resources, Page No. 52)

25. i. Indian federalism is a threefold distribution based on three lists:
I Union List on which centre make laws such as defence, currency, etc.
II State List on which state make laws such as police, trade, agriculture, etc.
III Concurrent List on which both Centre and State Legislates such as education, marriage, etc. 
ii. Centre legislate on ‘residuary’ subjects
iii. High Courts and the Supreme Court sorts out the dispute between centre and state.
iv. Any other relevant point

(Civics, Chapter-2 Federalism, Page No. 16-17)

26. Role of Political Parties
i. Parties contest election
ii. Parties put forward different policies and programmes
iii. Parties form and run the govt.
iv. Parties that lose in the election play the role of opposition
v. Parties shape public opinion
vi. Parties provide people access to govt. Machinery and welfare schemes.
vii. Any other relevant point
Any three points to be explained

(Civics, Chapter-6 political parties, Page No. 73)

27. Expand formal sources
i. To save people from the exploitation of Informal sector
ii. Formal charge a low interest on loans.
iii. To save from debt trap.
iv. It provides cheap and affordable credit.
v. RBI also supervises the formal sector credit through various rules and regulations which ensures that banks give loans to small cultivators, small borrowers, etc. and not just to profit making business and traders.
Any three points to be explained

(Economics – Money and Credit, Page No. 33)
Banks and cooperative societies need to lend more.
i. This would lead to higher incomes
ii. People could borrow cheaply for a variety of needs.
iii. They could grow cropsand set up small-scale industries etc.
iv. Cheap and affordable credit is crucial for the country’s development
v. To save and reduce the dependence on informal sources of credit
vi. It is important that the formal credit is distributed more equally so that the poor can
benefit from the cheaper loans.
Any three points to be explained

(Economics – Money and Credit, Page No. 31)

28. Employment generation
i. People can be employed in projects like construction of dam/canal/ roads in the village.
ii.Government invests and employ people in providing transportation and storage services.
iii. People can be employed in services like banking, trade, etc.
iv.Government can identify, promote industries and services in semi-rural areas to enhance employment.
v. Government can open centres to give them training and financial assistance to help them become self – employed
vi. Any other relevant point
vii. Any three points to be explained

(Economics – Sectors of Indian Economy, Page No. 28)

Section - C Long Answer Questions

29. The Balkans
i. The Balkan was a region of geographical and ethnic variations comprising of modernday Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro. The inhabitants were called Slavs
ii. The spread of romantic nationalism lead to its disintegration.
iii. Different Slavic nationalities struggled to define their identity
iv. Balkan region became a region of intense conflict over expansion of territory.
v. At the same time, the great European Powers --Russia, Germany, England and Austro-Hungary were keen on taking the control of the Balkan region, since it was important from trade point of view.
vi. This led to the series of wars in the region and finally became the cause of the First
World War.

(History, Chapter-1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, Page No. 26)
The period of 1848 consider as phase of the Revolution of the Liberals in Europe
i. Events of February 1848 in France had brought about the abdication of the monarch and a republic based on universal male suffrage had been proclaimed.
ii. Germany, Italy, Poland, the Austro-Hungarian Empire – men and women of the liberal middle classes combined their demands for constitutionalism with national unification.
iii. They took advantage of the growing popular unrest to push their demands for the creation of a nation-state on parliamentary principles – a constitution, freedom of the press and freedom of association.
iv. In the German regions a large number of political associations whose members were middle-class professionals, businessmen and prosperous artisans came together in the city of Frankfurt and decided to vote for an all-German National Assembly.
v. The middle classes who resisted the demands of workers and artisans and consequently lost their support. In the end troops were called in and the assembly was forced to disband.
vi. The issue of extending political rights to women was a controversial one within the liberal movement, in which large numbers of women had participated actively over the years.
vii. Women had formed their own political associations, founded newspapers and taken part in political meetings and demonstration.
Any five points to be explained

(History, Chapter-1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, Page No. 13)

30.1. For development, advancement and globalization.

30.2. i. They are the very basis of industries and trade of country.
ii. Create job employment opportunities
iii. Help to grow economy
iv. Transport maintains the movement of persons and products from one region to another region of the country.
v. For sending and receiving messages
vi. Interlinking world
vii. Increases awareness among the people at national level.
viii. Help in defending the independence and the national unity of a country
ix. Any other relevant point
Any two points to be explained

30.3. i. Trade between nation and countries are the index to its economic prosperity
ii. It generates employment
iii. It Helps in earning foreign exchange
(Any two points to be explained)

(Geography, Chapter- 7; Life Lines of National Economy, Page No. 81)

31. i. On one hand Industries lead to extensive industrial growth and expansion, other hand these are also the cause of environmental degeneration which prompt to the different type of air, water pollution.
ii. There is an increasing requirement to use a further sustainable model.
iii. Industries must produce eco-friendly products and dump wastes responsibly.
iv. Use of latest technology can help industries to control pollution and lead towards sustainable mode of operation.
v. Industries use- Reuse-Recycle-Refuse approach.
vi. If necessary, dump waste in specified places, away from the land and water sources, for example- before dumping treat well and make useful for other than drinking purpose,stop using thermal plants in some of the locations.
Any five points to be explained

(Geography, Chapter- 6; Manufacturing Industries, Page No. 78)

32. The accommodative experience of Belgium for peace and harmony
i. The Path of accommodation adopted in Belgium –
ii. Dutch and French speaking ministers got equal in the central govt.
iii. Many Powers of the central government have been given to state government
iv. The state Government was not subordinate to the Central Govt.
v. Brussels has a separate Govt. in which both the communities have equal representation.
vi. There is a third kind of Govt. called community Govt. elected by the people belonging to Dutch, French and German no matter where they live.
Any five points to be explained

(Civics, Chapter- 1 Power Sharing , Page No. 5)

33. Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation:
i. Democracy gives importance to deliberation and public opinion.
ii. The democratic government will take more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision.
iii. Its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective.
iv. Democracy ensures that decision making will be based on norms and procedures.
v. Transparency as Persons have the right and the means to examine the process of decision making.
vi. It follows procedures and is accountable to the people.
vii. The democratic government develops mechanisms for citizens to hold the government accountable
viii. Democratic govt. follows mechanisms for citizens to take part in decision making whenever they think fit.
ix. Any other relevant point
Any five points to be explained

(Civics, Chapter- 7; Outcomes of Democracy Page No. 91)
Respect and Equal treatment of women are necessary ingredients of a democratic society.
i. Economic independence or access to an inherited or self-generated income is considered to be the major means of empowering women.
ii. Equal political and civil rights as men
iii. Ways of autonomy and freedom.
iv. Distributive justice to reduce inequalities in resources and power.
v. Love, universal brotherhood, sincerity, honesty and integrity of character, firm attitude of rendering help
vi. Removing social evils including violence, torture, humiliation etc.
vii. Any other relevant point
Any five points to be explained

(Civics, Chapter- 7 Outcomes of Democracy, Page No. 98)

34. Technology
Rapid improvement in technology has stimulated the globalisation process.
i. This has made much faster delivery of goods across long distances possible at lower costs.
ii. Even more remarkable have been the developments in information and communication technology.
iii. Technology in the areas of telecommunications, computers, Internet has been changing rapidly.
iv. Telecommunication facilities (telegraph, telephone including mobile phones, fax) are used to contact one another around the world, to access information instantly, and to communicate from remote areas.
v. This has been facilitated by satellite communication devices.
vi. Any other relevant point
Any five points to be explained

(Economics, Chapter-4 Globalization and Indian Economy, Page No. 62)

Map Skill Based Question


The following questions are for the Visually Impaired candidates only in lieuof Q. No. 35. ANY SIX to be attempted:
i. The state where Indigo planters organized Satyagraha.-CHAMPARAN
ii. The Place where Non- Cooperation Movement ended abruptly due to violence.- CHAURI CHAURA ( UTTAR PRADESH)
iii. The state where Jallianwala Bagh incidence took place. – PUNJAB
iv. The state where Chhatrapati Shivaji Airport is located.- MAHARASHTRA
v. The state where Salem Iron and Steel Plant is located.-TAMIL NADU
vi. Name the state where Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant is located.-KARNATAKA
vii. Name the Software Technology Park in Uttar Pradesh- NOIDA
viii. Name the state where Haldia Seaport is located- KOLKATA

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