Notes of Ch 11 Buildings, Paintings and Books| Class 6th History

Notes of Chapter 11 Buildings, Paintings and Books Class 6th History

The Iron Pillar

• The iron pillar at Mehrauli in Delhi is a remarkable example of the skill of Indian crafts persons.

• It is made of iron, 7.2. m high, and weighs over 3 tonnes.

• It was built 1500 years ago by a ruler named Chandra of the Gupta dynasty.

• The unique feature of the pillar is that it has not rusted till date.

Buildings in brick and stone


• The word stupa means a mound.

• Generally, there is a small box placed at the centre or heart of the stupa.

• A small box placed at the centre or heart of the stupa which contains bodily remains or objects used by the Buddha or his followers.

• A path, known as the pradakshina patha, was laid around the stupa surrounded with railings.
→ Both railings and gateways were often decorated with sculpture.

Hindu Temples

• Deities such as Vishnu, Shiva, and Durga were worshipped in these shrines.

• The most important part of the temple was the room known as the garbhagriha, where the image of the chief deity was placed.

• Often, a tower, known as the shikhara, was built on top of the garbhagriha, to mark this out as a sacred place.
→ Most temples also had a space known as the mandapa where a hall where people could assemble.

How were stupas and temples built?

• Usually, kings or queens decided to build the stupas and temples.

• First, good quality stone had to be found, quarried, and transported to the place chosen for the new building.
→ These rough blocks of stone had to be shaped and carved into pillars, and panels for walls, floors and ceilings.
→ These had to be placed in precisely the right position.

• Devotees often brought gifts which were used to decorate the buildings.


• Ajanta is a place where several caves were hollowed out of the hills over centuries.

• Most of these were monasteries for Buddhist monks, and some of them were decorated with paintings.

• The colours, which are vivid even after 1500 years, were made of plants and minerals.

The World of Books

• Epics are grand, long compositions, about heroic men and women, and include stories about gods.

• Some of the famous epics written during this period are:

→ The Tamil epic Silappadikaram was composed 1800 years ago by a poet, Ilango.

→ Manimekalai, another Tamil epic, was composed by Sattanar 1400 years ago.

→ Meghduta was written by Kalidasa in Sanskrit.

Recording and preserving Old Stories

→ Valmiki was the author of Ramayana.

→ Puranas contained old Hindu religious stories about gods and goddesses which were written in simple Sanskrit and were meant to be heard by everybody.

→ Mahabharata and Puranas were compiled by Vyasa.

→ Mahabharata also includes the Bhagavad Gita.

→ The stories of ordinary people were collected in the form of Jatakas and the Panchatantra.

→ Aryabhata wrote a book called Aryabhatiyam in Sanskrit. He put forward scientific theories for the cause of day and night and eclipses.

NCERT Solutions of Chapter 11 Buildings, Paintings and Books

Watch age fraud in sports in India
Facebook Comments
© 2019 Study Rankers is a registered trademark.