Notes of Ch 7 Ashoka, the Emperor Who Gave up War| Class 6th History

Notes of Chapter 7 Ashoka, the Emperor Who Gave up War Class 6th History

A very big kingdom = an empire

• The Mauryan empire that Ashoka ruled was founded by his grandfather, Chandragupta Maurya, more than 2300 years ago.

• Chandragupta was supported by a wise man named Chanakya or Kautilya.

• There were several cities in the empire which included the capital Pataliputra, Taxila, and Ujjain. Taxila was a gateway to the northwest, including Central Asia, while Ujjain lay on the route from north to south India.

How are empires different from kingdoms?

• Emperors need more resources than kings because empires are larger than kingdoms, and need to be
protected by big armies.

• So also they need a larger number of officials who collect taxes.

Ruling the empire

• The officials were appointed to collect taxes from farmers, herders, crafts persons and traders, who lived in villages and towns in the area.
→ Officials also punished those who disobeyed the ruler’s orders.
→ Many of these officials were given salaries.

• Royal princes were often sent as governors of provinces which was ruled from a provincial capital such as Taxila or Ujjain.

• The Mauryas tried to control roads and rivers, which were important for transport, and to collect whatever resources were available as tax and tribute.

• People of forested regions were more or less independent, but may have been expected to provide elephants, timber, honey and wax to Mauryan officials.

Ashoka, a unique ruler

• The most famous Mauryan ruler was Ashoka.

• He was the first ruler who tried to take his message to the people through inscriptions which were in Prakrit and were written in the Brahmi script.

Ashoka’s war in Kalinga

• Ashoka was so horrified when he saw the violence and bloodshed in Kalinga's war that he decided
not to fight any more wars.

• He is the only king in the history of the world who gave up conquest after winning a war.

What was Ashoka’s dhamma?

• Ashoka’s dhamma did not involve worship of a god, or performance of a sacrifice.

• He felt that just as a father tries to teach his children, he had a duty to instruct his subjects.

• He was also inspired by the teachings of the Buddha.

• He appointed officials, known as the dhamma mahamatta who went from place to place teaching people about dhamma.

• Ashoka also sent messengers to spread ideas about dhamma to other lands, such as Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka.


Get Offline Ncert Books, Ebooks and Videos Ask your doubts from our experts Get Ebooks for every chapter Play quiz while you study

Download our app for FREE

Study Rankers Android App Learn more

Study Rankers App Promo