Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 7 Lifelines of National Economy Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included

Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs): 

1. What is known as lifelines of the national economy?


Means of transport and communication.

2. What is a new arrival on the transportation map of India?


Pipeline transport network is a new arrival on the transportation map of India to transport liquids as well as solids in slurry form.

3. Why was Jawaharlal Nehru port developed?


To decongest the Mumbai port and serve as a hub port for the region.

4. Which is the deepest landlocked and well protected port?


Visakhapatnam is the deepest landlocked and well protected port.

5. What are considered first-class mail by the Indian postal network?


Cards and envelopes are considered first-class mail.

6. Why was the Haldia seaport Set-up?


Haldia seaport was set-up as a subsidiary port to relieve growing pressure on Kolkata port.

7. What is the major objective to develop Super Highways?


The major objective of developing Super Highways is to reduce the time and distance between the mega-cities of India.

8. Which term is used to describe trade between two or more countries?


International trade.

Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1. Describe the rural roads in India?


• Rural roads link ruler areas and villages with towns. 
• These roads received special impetus under the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojna. 
• Special provisions are made so that every village in the country is linked to a major town in the country by an all season motorable road.

2. What are Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways? Mention any two objectives of this project. The North-South and East-West Corridors join which terminal cities.


• The Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways is a major road development project linking Delhi – Kolkata – Chennai – Mumbai and Delhi by six-lane superhighways. 
• The two major objectives of these Super Highways projects are to reduce the time and distance between the megacities of India. 
• The North-South Corridors linking Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir) and Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu) and East-West Corridor connecting Silchar (Assam) and Porbandar (Gujarat).

3. Elaborate any three advantages of railways in India.


Advantages of railways in India are: 
• The road transport is cheaper than railway transport.
• It is suitable because it carries goods to other destination without re-handling any through the quickest route. It can provide door to door service. 
• Road transport is more flexible than railways as it has no fixed route or time.

4. Explain any four advantages of pipeline transportation.


The four advantages of pipeline transportation are: 
• Both solid (when converted into slurry) liquid and gases can be transported through pipelines 
• Initial cost of laying pipelines is high but subsequent running costs are minimum. 
• Trans-shipment of losses and delays are minimum. 
• It is economical to transport petroleum, natural gas, fertilizers to interior places.

Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. What is the importance of transport? Mention the various means of transport available in India.


Importance of Transport: 
• Connects the people. 
• Sense of belonging in the people living at far places. 
• Helpful for business activities. 
• Helpful in the period of crisis.
 Means of transport: 
• Roadways 
• Railways 
• Pipelines 
• Waterways 
• Airways.

2. What is the significance of ‘Border Roads’? Explain.

• Border road organization was established in 1960. 
• This organization develops the roads of strategic importance in the North and the East border areas. 
• These roads have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain. 
• These roads have enabled the economy to develop in the border areas.

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