Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 4 Agriculture Geography

Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 4 Agriculture Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included

Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs): 

1. By which name is specialized cultivation of fruits and vegetables known?

Answer

Horticulture.

2. Describe ‘Jhumming cultivation’ in one sentence.

Answer

‘Slash and burn’ agriculture.

3. Which state is the leading coffee producer state in India?

Answer

Karnataka.

4. India is the largest producer as well as consumer of which agricultural product in the world?

Answer

Pulses.

5. In which country the ‘slash and burn’ agriculture is known as ‘Roca’?

Answer

Brazil.

6. Hoe, dao, digging sticks are associated with which type of farming?

Answer

Primitive subsistence farming.

7. Which crop are grown with the onset of monsoons and are harvested in the month of September and October?

Answer 

Kharif

8. Which crop is the major crop of rabi?

Answer 

Wheat. 

Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1. Which are the two main cropping seasons in India? Mention their growing and harvesting periods.

Answer 

The two main cropping seasons are Rabi and Kharif: 
• Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June. 
• Kharif crops are sown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and harvested in September-October.

2. What are the growing conditions required for the main staple food crop of India? Mention the main growing regions.

Answer 

Growing conditions required for rice: 
• High temperature (above 25°C required. It is a Kharif crop. 
• High humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. 
• Main growing regions are northern plains, north-eastern India, Costal areas, deltaic plains and river valleys.

3. Explain any two geographical conditions required for the cultivation of pulses. Name any two important pulses producing states.
OR
Why the pulses are mostly grown in rotation with other crops? Name any two major pulse producing states?

Answer 

Pulses are mostly grown in rotation with other crops because:
• Pulses need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions. 
• Being leguminous crops, all these crops help in restoring soil fertility by fixing nitrogen from the air.
• Major pulse producing states are Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

4. Give an account of oilseeds in India. Which state is the largest producer of groundnut?

Answer 

Importance:
• These are edible and used as cooking medium.
• Used as raw material in production of soap, cosmetics and ointment.
• India is the largest producer.
Gujarat was the largest producer of Groundnut in India.

Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. Describe the institutional and technical changes introduced in the field of agriculture in India in the recent years.

Answer

• Land reforms: Collectivisation, consolidation of holdings, cooperation and abolition of zamindari.
• Agricultural reforms: Green revolution and White revolution. 
• Land development programmes: Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone etc., establishment of Grameen banks, Cooperative societies and banks for providing loans.
• Issuing of Kissan Credit Card and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme, etc.
• Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers on radio and TV.

2. Define plantation agriculture. Explain any four characteristics of plantation agriculture.

Answer

Plantation Agriculture: It is a type of commercial farming practised in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It was introduced by the British in India.
Characteristics: 
• A single crop is grown over large area. 
• It is capital intensive and done with migrant labour.
• All produce is used as raw material in industries such as tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc.
• Plantation has interface of agriculture and industry both.

3. Explain Rubber cultivation in India under the following heads: 
(i) Importance 
(ii) Geographical conditions 
(iii) Producing states.

Answer 

(i) Importance: 
Many industries depend upon Rubber as their raw material especially transport industry. 

(ii) Geographical condition
• It is an equatorial crop, but under special conditions it is also grown in tropical and subtropical areas. 
• It requires moist and humid climate with rainfall of more than 200 cm and temperature above 25°C. 

(iii) Rubber producing states are Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya.

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