Answer Sheet of Political Science Sample Paper 2016-17 Final Exam| Class 12th

Political Science CBSE Answer Sheet of Sample Paper 2016-17 Final Board Exam| Class 12th

1. The Razakaras
(Page No:17)

2. C
(Page No: 47)

3. For giving political power to Dalits
(Page No: 183)

4. Anti Arrack Movement - due to domestic violence movement for the demand of equal representation.
(Page No: 139)

5. Mikhail Gorbachev’s reforms.
• Glasnost
• Perestroika
• Acceleration (any two )
(Page No: 22)

6. Secretary Generals of United Nations:
a. Trygve Lie - iv. Norway
b. Boutros-Boutros Ghali - i. Egypt
c. Kofi Annan - ii. Ghana
d. U Thant - iii. Burma (Myanmar)
(Page No: 87)

7. Oil the most important resource- In their uneven distribution and nonavailability to some nations, there always has been a struggle over them. The first and the second gulf war are the prime examples of this struggle.
(Page No: 129)

8. Shah Commission was appointed to look into the abuse of authority taken in the wake of the emergency proclaimed on the 25th June 1975 Shah Commission found that there were many’ excesses’ committed during the emergency.
(Page No: 113)

9. Punjab Accord-
i. Chandigarh was transferred to Punjab
ii. Punjab and Haryana border dispute was solved
iii. Ravi- Beas river dispute was resolved between Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan
iv. Compensation to the people affect by the militancy
(Any two points to be explained.)
(Page No: 161)

10. Opposition parties–
i. Groomed leaders
ii. Check and balance mechanism
iii. Principled criticism
iv. Provided political alternatives
(Any two points to be explained.)
(Page No: 40)

11. i. In spite of many conflicts, the states of South Asia recognize the importance of peace and cooperation and friendly relationship among themselves.
ii. (SAARC) is a major initiative of South Asian States to evolve cooperation through multilateral means.
iii. SAARC countries signed the South Asian Free Trade (SAFTA)
iv. Although India – Pakistan relations seems to be a story of endemic conflict and violence, there have been a series of efforts to manage tensions and build peace.
v. The two countries have started many confidence building measures to reduce the risk of war.
vi. US is increasingly acting as a moderator between India and Pakistan.
(Any other relevant point)
(Page No: 78)

12. The role of E V Ramaswamy Naicker in the Dravidian Movement :
i) Raised anti-caste struggle and raised the rediscovery of Dravidic identity
ii) Founded Dravid Kazgham
iii) Opposed Brahmin domination and affirmed regional pride against domination of the north
iv) His movement acquired political power in the state and became influential at the national level
v) Movement transferred to DMK
(Page No: 153)

13. i. EU is the world’s biggest economy:
ii. Its currency (the euro) can pose a threat to the dominance of the US Dollar.
iii. Its share in the world trade is three times larger than that of the USA.
iv. Is has enormous economic influence.
v. Its armed forces are the second largest in the world
vi. Britain and France have nuclear arsenals vii. It is second in communication and technology.
Any four to be explained
(Page No: 54)

14. Key controversies
i) Agricultural vs. industrial development
ii) Public vs. private sector
(Page No: 54)

15. i) Soviet system gave primary importance to the state and the institution of the party.
ii) The soviet political system centered on the communist party and no other political party or opposition was allowed.
iii) The economy was planned and controlled by the state
iv) It was then more developed than rest of the world except the US.
v) It had a complex communications network, vast energy resources.
(Any other relevant point)
(Page No: 178)

16. i) 30 crore indigenous population spread across the world.
ii) Irrespective of their geographical location, they are strikingly.
 similar with respect to their land and variety of life systems supported by it.
iii) The loss of land is the most obvious threat to their survival.
iv) They depend upon their subsistence on the cultivation of land.
v) They enjoy constitutional protection in political representation
vi) They are displaced by various developmental projects
(Any other relevant point)
(Page No: 131)

17. a) State Reorganization Commission
b) The creation of Andhra Pradesh on the basis of linguistic basis opened the flood gates of linguistic passions and demands for creation of linguistic states were raised from various quarters.
c) democracy associated with plurality – as it believes in accommodation and social justice

18. a. The period of emergency is described as a period of political crisis because of:
i. Invoked article 352 of the constitution
ii. Grave crisis iii. Suspension of fundamental rights
iv. Press censorship and electricity failure

b. The issues of dispute between judiciary and parliament during 1970’s were:
i. Abridgement of fundamental rights
ii. Curtailment of right to property
iii. Abridge fundamental rights to give effect to directive principles of the state policy

c. The role of mass protest during emergency:
i. reflected the attributed aspiration of people ii. call for nationwide strike.
iii. Mass agitations iv. railway strike.
(Page No: 197)

19. a) The Cuban missile crisis was considered as a high point of cold war because of:
i. Conflict between US &USSR over the military base of USSR in Cuba against US interest ii. Kennedy ordered American warships to intercept any soviet ships heading to cuba as a way of warning

b) Contentious issues between US A and USSR:
i. Ideological issues
ii. Spread of communism against American interest
iii. Military blocs
iv. Containment issue

c) The military alliances formed during the cold war were:
iii. CENTO
(Page No: 40)

20. a) AMERICA is represented as thumb.
b) The nature of hegemony - soft, structural and hard hegemonic dominance c) operation undertaken by this country- operation Iraqi freedom/ operation desert storm.

a) America in the world is having global dominance

b) military dominance – in absolute and relative terms
i. high expenditure
ii. high budget allotment
iii. military dominance
iv. high tech chasm

c) State its structural hegemony
i. Global public goods
iii. Internet
iv. World trade
(Page No: 40)

21. Map questions
i) Nizam belonged to Hyderabad (present Telangana)
ii) article 370 of Indian constitution related with Jammu and Kashmir
iii) operation blue star was launched in Punjab
iv) J.P.Narayan demanded the dismissal of congress govt. in 1974 -Bihar
v) State which is highly affected the Naxalites.- West Bengal


i. naxalite movement a threat to the democracy -violent methods used by them, splintered into parties, bloodshed by them
ii. naxalite movement splintered into political parties – CPI-ML
iii–ADIVASIS section of Indian society are most affected by the naxalite movement

22. Consequences of disintegration of USSR:
i. It meant the end of World war confrontation between USA and USSR.
ii. US became the sole superpower.
iii. Capitalist economy became more dominant and was supported by World Bank and IMF.
iv. Many new countries emerged, especially the Baltic and Eastern European states.
v. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and European Union became very strong regional groups.
vi. SHOCK therapy and expansion of capitalism
(Page No: 23)


Relevance of NAM :
i. Opposition to racism
ii. Respect for human rights and dignity
iii. Opposition to counter neo colonialism
iv. Maintain environmental balance
vi. To curb terrorism
(Page No: 12)

23. Reforms for strengthening of UN :
i. Reforms in the organizations structure and processes
ii. Review of the issues that fall within the jurisdiction of the organization
iii. major concerns has been the composition of the Security Council, which has remained largely static while the UN General Assembly Membership has expanded
iv. Increase in the number of both permanent and non-permanent members in UNSC
v. Security Council should have more developing countries in it like Asia , Africa and South America
vi. Proposal to improve UNs budgetary procedures and its administration viii. Some countries want the organization to play a greater role in peace and security missions
vii. Others want it play humanitarian role
viii. Any other relevant point
(Page No: 86)


The non -traditional concepts both human security and global security focus on the change nature of threats and security:
i. Human rights
ii. Global poverty
iii. Terrorism
iv. Environmental threats
v. Diseases
Any three
(Page No: 109)

24. Inter-connected world mean- global world which is integrated through exchange of people, information, goods and services Cultural and political dimensions –
i. Political dimensions of globalization at the most simple level, result in an erosion of state capacity, i.e the ability of government to do what they do. All over the world, ‘welfare state’ is now giving away to a more minimalist state that performs certain core function such as the maintenances of law and order and the security of its citizens.
ii. Culturally it leads to the risk of a uniform culture or what is called as cultural homogenization. The risk of a uniform culture is not the emergence of a global culture. What we have in the name of global culture is the imposition of Western Culture
(Page No: 143)


Common but differential responsibility:
i. Common but differentiated responsibility means that every country has to work for protecting environment but more responsibility lies on developed countries.
ii. This argument was accepted in the Rio Summit in 1992.
iii. The developed countries of the North want to discuss the environmental issue as it stands now and want everyone to be equally responsible for ecological conservation.
iv. However the developing countries of the South say that much of the ecological degradation in the world is the product of industrial development undertaken by the developed countries.
v. If they have caused more degradation, they must also take more responsibility for undoing the damage now.
vi. States shall cooperate in the spirit for ecological protection.
(Any other relevant point)
(Page No: 123)

25 i. High potential of economic growth
ii. Working potential
iii. Global trade relations

Areas that have brought cordiality in their relationship are:
i. Mutual peace talks
ii. Trade relations
iii. Cultural interactions
iv. Negotiations over disputed issues
(Page No: 68)


The relationship between India and Pakistan:
i. Jammu and Kashmir issue
ii. Sianchen glacier issue
iii. Infiltrators in India and terrorism
iv. Bangladesh crisis
v. Competitive military interest
vi. Arms race between the two Any other relevant point
(Page No: 66)

26. Three major issues in the north-eastern states of India:
i. Movement against outsiders
ii. Succession issue iii. Demand for autonomy.
(Page No: 163)


The factors responsible for the formation of Barite Kisan Union:
i. Regular electricity with subsidized rated
ii. Abolition of restrictions on the interstate movement
iii. Guaranteed supply
iv. Waiving of payments due to loan to farmers
v. Pension for farmers
vi. Higher floor prices for sugarcane and wheat.
(Page No: 134)

27. Three major factors which led to the popularity of Indira Gandhi govt. in the early 1990s:
1. Garibi hatao program of Gandhi
2. Land to landless labourers
3. Support to dalits , adivasis, minorities and women OR Major reasons for the split of congress (o) and congress (R):
i. She gave left orientation to the govts policies ignoring syndicates
ii. For presidential elections , supported v v giri.
iii. Abolished privy purse.
iv. Banks were nationalized against old members of congress
v. Sidelined syndicates.
vi. Neglected them in all the policies.

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