Keywords and Timeline of Ch 1 French Revolution| Class 9th History

Keywords and Timeline of Ch 1 French Revolution Class 9th History

Time Line

• 1774 - Louis XVI of the Bourbon family of kings ascended the throne of France.

• 14th July 1789 - The fortress-prison, the Bastille was demolished.

• 5th May 1789 - Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes.

• 20th June 1789 - Members of the third estate assembled in the hall of an indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles.

• 4th August 1789 - the Assembly passed a decree abolishing the feudal system of obligations and taxes.

• 26th August 1789 - Declaration of the Rights of Man

• 1791 - The National Assembly completed the draft of the constitution which limits the power of the king.

• April 1792 - The National Assembly voted to declare war against Prussia and Austria.

• 21st September 1792 – Convention abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic.

• 21st January 1793 - Louis XVI was executed publicly at the Place de la Concorde.

• 1793 to 1794 - The Reign of Terror

• July 1794 - Maximilian Robespierre arrested and beheaded.

• 1794 - The Convention free all slaves in the French overseas possessions.

• 1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself Emperor of France.

• 1815 – Napoleon defeated at Waterloo.

• 1848 - Slavery was finally abolished in French colonies.

• 1946 - Women in France won the right to vote.

Keywords

• Livre – Unit of currency in France which was discontinued in 1794

• Clergy – Group of persons invested with special functions in the church

• Tithe – A tax levied by the church, comprising one-tenth of the agricultural produce

• Taille – Tax to be paid directly to the state.

• Old Regime - Used to describe the society and institutions of France before 1789.

• Bastille – A fortress-prison in the Paris which stood for the despotic power of the king.

• Nobility - Group of persons of high rank in state administration

• Aristocracy - A form of government in which power is held by the nobility.

• Democracy – A form of government in which power is in the hands of the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives.

• Constitutional Monarchy – A form of government in which a country is ruled by a king and queen whose power is limited by a constitution.

• Subsistence Crisis - An extreme situation where the basic means of livelihood are endangered.

• Estates General - A political body to which the three estates sent their representatives.

• Manor – An estate consisting of the lord’s lands and his mansion.

• Chateau – Castle or stately residence belonging to a king or a nobleman.

• National Assembly – An Assembly formed by the representatives of the Third Estate of the Estates General.

• Convent – Building belonging to a community devoted to a religious life.

• Parisians – People who live in Paris.

• Treason – Betrayal of one’s country or government

• Convention - The newly elected assembly formed after National Assembly.

• Guillotine - A device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person is beheaded.

• Reign of Terror - The period from 1793 to 1794 when Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment.

• Jacobin Club – A political club formed during French revolution whose members belonged mainly to the less prosperous sections of society.

• Negroes – A term used for the indigenous people of Africa south of the Sahara.

• Emancipation – The act of freeing.

• Feudalism – A social system in which crown give lands to the nobility who fought for him while the peasants were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage and labour.



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