Notes of Ch 2 Understanding Secularism| Class 8th Civics

Study Material and Notes of Ch 2 Understanding Secularism Class 8th Civics

Topics in the Chapter

• What is Secularism?
• What is Indian Secularism?
• How Indian secularism different from that of other democratic countries?

What is Secularism?

• Secularism refers to this separation of religion from the State.

Why is it Important to Separate Religion from the State?

• The separation of religion from State power is important for a country to function democratically.

• Almost all countries of the world will have more than one religious group living in them.
→ If majority religious group has access to State power, then they misuse their power to other
religions.

• Also, we need to protect the freedom of individuals to preach the religion of their choice.

What is Indian Secularism?

• According to the Constitution, a secular state must ensure:
→  that one religious community does not dominate another
→ that some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community
→ that the State does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals.

• The Indian State is not ruled by a religious group and nor does it support any one religion.

• In India, government spaces like law courts, police stations, government schools and offices are not supposed to display or promote any one religion.

• In order to respect the sentiments of all religions and not interfere with religious practices, the State makes certain exceptions for particular religious communities. For example: a sikh while riding bike can wear pugri (turban) instead of helmet.

• Indian secularism prevents the domination of majority over minority is through a strategy of intervention. For example: Untouchability was religion-based exclusion and discrimination of ‘lower castes’ in Hindu so the Indian Constitution bans untouchability.

How Indian secularism different from that of other democratic countries?

• The strict separation between religion and the State in American secularism, while in Indian secularism the State can intervene in religious affairs.

• The Indian Constitution guarantees Fundamental Rights that are based on these secular principles.

NCERT Solutions of Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism

GET OUR ANDROID APP

Get Offline Ncert Books, Ebooks and Videos Ask your doubts from our experts Get Ebooks for every chapter Play quiz while you study

Download our app for FREE

Study Rankers Android App Learn more

Study Rankers App Promo