Study Material and Notes of Define Physical Education, Its Aims & Objectives Class 11th Physical Education

What is Physical Education?

Literal meaning

Physical = related to body
education = knowledge


Physical Education is knowledge about the body. In this subject, we read about various activities which are necessary for development and growth of the body.

There are so many definitions about Physical education given by various experts.

According to Oberteuffer, Physical Education is the sum of those experiences which comes to individual through movements.

According to J.B.Nash, Physical Education is that phase of the whole field of the education that deals with big muscle activities and their related responses.

According to H.C. Buck, Physical education is the part of general education programme, which is considered wit growth, development and education of children through the medium of big muscle activities. Physical activities are the tools. They are so selected and conducted as to influence every child's life physically, mentally, emotionally and morally.

According to Charles A Bucher, Physical education is an integral part of the total educational process and has as its aim the development physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially fit citizens through the medium of physical activities which have been selected with a view to realizing these outcomes.

According to C.C.Cowell, Physical education is the social process of change in the behavior of the human organism, originating primarily from the stimulus of social big-muscle play and related activities.

According to American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPER),
Physical education is a way of education through physical activities which are selected and carried on with full regard to values in human growth, development, and behavior.

Aim of Physical education

The aim of physical education is the wholesome development of personality of an individual which means making an individual physical fit, mentally alert, emotionally balanced, socially well adjusted, morally true and spiritually uplifted.

About aim of Physical education:

According to J.F. Williams, Physical education should aim to provide skilled leadership, adequate facilities and ample time that will afford an opportunity for the individuals or groups to act in situations that are physically wholesome, mentally stimulating and satisfying, and socially sound.

According to National Planning of Physically Education and Recreation, The aim of physical education must be to make every child physically, mentally and emotionally fit and also to develop in him such personal and social qualities as will help him to live happily with others and build him up a good citizen.

Objectives of Physically education

Objectives are steps towards the attainment of aim. When an aim is achieved it becomes an objective.

There are different objectives of Physical education brought by the experts in this field:

According to J.B. Nash
• Organic Development
• Neuro-muscular development
• Interpretive development
• Emotional development

According to Irwin
• Physical
• Social Development
• Emotional Development
• Recreational development of skills
• Intellectual development

Therefore, the objectives of Physical education are:

• Organic Development: The primary objective is the development of our organic systems, such as respiratory system, circulatory system, digestive system, nervous system, muscular systems. Physical activities and exercises have various effects on our organic systems which increase efficiency, capacity, shape and size.

• Social Development: Various physical activities programs gives individual opportunity for social contact and group living which help them to adjust themselves in different situations and building relations. The qualities like cooperation, obedience, temperament, sacrifice, loyalty, sportsmanship, self-confidence develop. These developments help them to become good human being and forms a healthy society.

• Neuro-muscular co-ordination: The physical activities help in maintaining a better relationship between nervous system and muscular system. The devlopment neuro-muscular co-ordination develops control and balance of the body. Various games develops our ability of actvites such as running, bouncing, catching etc. It also helpful in proper use of energy.

• Emotional Development: The programs of physical education tell us how to control our various types of emotions such as anger, pleasure, jealousy, fear loneliness etc. It makes an individual emotinally balanced.

• Health Development: Physical education develops health through health education. It develops healthy habits of sleeping, exercises, food etc. It also reduces worries and anxieties through developing appropriate interests and habits of engaging in exercise and games.

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