NCERT Solutions for Class 11th: Ch 6 Citizenship Political Science


Page No: 96

1. Citizenship as full and equal membership of a political community involves both rights and obligations. Which rights could citizens expect to enjoy in most democratic state today? What kind of obligation will they have to their state and fellow citizens?


The rights that citizens are expected to enjoy in most democratic state today are some political
rights like the right to vote, civil rights like the freedom of speech or belief, and some socio-economic rights which could include the right to a minimum wage, or the right to education.
There are legal and moral obligations on citizens to participate in and contribute to the shared life of the community as well as the state. Citizens are also considered to be the inheritors and trustees of the
culture and natural resources of the country.

2. All citizens may be granted equal rights but all may not be able to equally exercise them. Explain.


All citizens may be granted equal rights but all may not be able to equally exercise them because
• Differences in their economic and social position.
• Differences in their opinions, choices, interests.
• Lack of information and awareness
• Corruption in government framework

3. Write a short note on any two struggles for full enjoyment of citizen rights which have taken place in India in recent years. Which rights were being claimed in each case?


Narmada Bachao Andolan is a protest against a large number of dams being contrasted near Narmada river because the dam will flood the area and people will get displaced. This brought a large number of adivasis, farmers, environmentalists, and human rights activists together.  The movement force the government to stop the work at the dam and directing the concerned states to first complete the rehabilitation and replacement process. Later, Court allowed the construction to proceed, subject to conditions. In this movement, right to shelter, food and security were being claimed.

Nirbhaya Movement is protest against the 2012 Delhi rape case which forced the people to came out on streets in several parts of the country. The movement also created a stir in social media where people changed their display picture to a black dot and tens of thousands of people signed a petition protesting the incident. Taking the movement into consideration, the government at the centre and various states announced several steps to ensure the safety of women. In this case, right to security and against sex discrimination were being claimed.

4. What are some of the problems faced by refugees? In what ways could the concept of global citizenship benefit them?


Some of the problems that are faced by refugees are:
• Problem of shelter
• Problem of food
• Problem of their children's education
• Problem of employment opportunities
• They don't have citizenship and any rights.
The concept of global citizenship would be beneficial for refugees as this make it easier to deal with problems which extend across national boundaries and which therefore need cooperative action
by the people and governments of many states. It ensures refugees basic rights and protection regardless of the country in which they may be living.

5. Migration of people to different regions within the country is often resisted by the local inhabitants. What are some of the contributions that the migrants could make to the local economy?


Some of the contributions that the migrants could make to the local economy are:
• They increase the labour force of the country which decrease the labour cost.
• They bring new techniques and technology which is helpful in doing work faster and effectively.
• They pay taxes in which they are living.

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