NCERT Solutions for Class 6th: Ch 8 India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife The Earth: Our habitat Geography

Page No: 64

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?


The monsoon winds bring rainfall in India. It is important because agriculture in India is dependent on rains.

(b) Name the different seasons in India.


The different seasons in India are:
• Cold weather season (winter)
• Hot weather season (summer)
• South west monsoon season (rainy)
• Season of retreating monsoons (autumn)

(c) What is natural vegetation?


The grasses, shrubs and trees, which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called natural vegetation.

(d) Name the different types of vegetation found in India.


The different types of vegetation found in India are:
• Tropical rainforests or evergreen forests
• Tropical deciduous forests
• Thorny bushes
• Mountain vegetation
• Mangrove forests

(e) What is the difference between evergreen forest and deciduous forest?


Evergreen forest
Deciduous forest
Tropical Rain Forests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall. These forests are also called monsoon forests.
These are very dense. These are less dense.
The trees of these forests shed their leaves at different times of a year. The trees of these forests shed their leaves at a particular time of a year.
(f) Why is tropical rainforest also called evergreen forest?


The tropical rainforest is also called evergreen forest because trees in these forests shed their leaves at different times of the year. Therefore, it remains green throughout the year.

2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The world’s highest rainfall occurs in
(i) Mumbai 
(ii) Asansol 
(iii) Mawsynram
► (iii) Mawsynram

(b) Mangrove forests can thrive in
(i) saline water 
(ii) fresh water 
(iii) polluted water
► (i) saline water 

(c) Mahogany and rosewood trees are found in
(i) mangrove forests
(ii) tropical deciduous forests
(iii) tropical evergreen forests
► (iii) tropical evergreen forests

(d) Wild goats and snow leopards are found in
(i) Himalayan region
(ii) Peninsular region
(iii) Gir forests
► (i) Himalayan region

(e) During the south west monsoon period, the moisture laden winds
blow from
(i) land to sea 
(ii) sea to land 
(iii) plateau to plains
► (ii) sea to land 

Page No: 65

3. Fill in the blanks.

(a) Hot and dry winds known as ________________ blow during the day in the summers.
► loo

(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of________________.
► retreating monsoons

(c) _____________ forest in Gujarat is the home of ________________.
► Gir, Asiatic lions

(d) _____________ is a well-known species of mangrove forests.
► Sundari

(e) ____________ are also called monsoon forests.
► Tropic deciduous forest

Previous Post Next Post