Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 6 Manufacturing Industries Geography

Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 6 Manufacturing Industries Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included

Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs): 

1. By which development, the economic strength of the country is measured?

Answer

The development of the manufacturing industries.

2. Why has the ‘National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council’ been Set-up?

Answer

To improve productivity, economist predicts that manufacturing can achieve its target over the next decades.

3. Name three human inputs that control location of industries.

Answer

Human inputs that control location of industries are Labour, market and Transport facilities.

4. What are light industries?

Answer 

Industries that use light raw materials and produce light goods are called light industries.

5. Name four important cotton textile centres of Maharashtra.

Answer 

The cotton textile centres of Maharashtra are Mumbai, Solapur, Pune and Nagpur.

6. Name two most important sugar producing states of India.

Answer 

Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

7. Name three major air pollutants.

Answer 

Air borne dust, smoke and undesirable gases are three major air pollutants.

8. What do you mean agglomeration economies?

Answer 

Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres known as agglomeration economies.

Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1. Describe the importance of manufacturing sector in countries like India.
OR
“The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of manufacturing industries”. Justify this statement with examples.

Answer 

• Manufacturing industries help in modernizing agriculture;
• They also reduce the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income by providing them jobs.
• Industrial development reduces unemployment and poverty:
• It also brings down regional disparities.

2. Define the term manufacturing. Classify industries on the basis of source of raw materials used.

Answer

Definition: “Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing”. Classification:
• Agro-based: Cotton, wool, jute, silk textile, etc.
• Mineral-based: Iron, steel, cement etc.

3. ”Agriculture gives boost to the industrial sector.” Support the statement with arguments.
OR
“Agriculture and industry are not exclusive of each other. They move hand in hand.” Justify this statement with examples.

Answer

The agro-industries in India have given a major boost to agriculture -
• Agro-based industries have given a boost to agriculture by raising its productivity.
• Agro-based industries depend on the agriculture for their raw materials such as cotton, sugarcane, jute etc.
• Agriculture depends on industries for products such as irrigation pumps, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, machines and tools, etc.
• Industrial development helps agriculture in increasing their production and make production processes very efficient.

4. Explain any three factors which were responsible for the concentration of cotton textile industry in Maharashtra and Gujarat in early years.

Answer
• Availability of raw cotton. 
• Ready markets are available. 
• Well-developed means of transportation.

5. Why is cotton textile industry the largest industry in India today? Give any three resons.

Answer

• Cotton textile industry contributes 14 percent of the total industrial production.
• It provides employment to 35 million persons directly – the second largest after agriculture. 
• It earns foreign exchange of about 24.6 percent (4 percent of GDP).

Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. Explain any five factors affecting the location of a industry.

Answer

The factors affecting the location of an industry:
• Availability of raw material.
• Availability of cheap labour.
• Availability of capital and bank facilities.
• Availability of power and other infrastructure.
• Proximity to markets.
• Availability of adequate and swift means of transport.

2. Mention the major drawbacks and problems of cotton textile industry in India.

Answer

Cotton textile industry in India suffers from some problems:
• India has world class production and quality in spinning, but weaving supplies low quality of fabric
because they are fragmented small units. This mismatch is major drawback.
• Many of our spinners export cotton yarn while apparel/garment manufactures have to import fabric.
• Although we the production of staple cotton has increased but we still need to import good quality staple cotton.
• Cotton textile industries face the problem of erratic Power supply which decreases the labour productivity.
• Machinery needs to be upgraded in the weaving and processing sectors in particular.
• Output of labour is low due to poor machines and power supply.

Value Based Question (VBQs):

1.“ Environmental degradation has been seen everywhere.” Explain any three values that can help to prevent environmental degradation.

Answer

Steps to minimise environmental degradation: 
• Optimum utilisation of equipment, adopting the latest techniques. 
• Upgrading existing equipment. 
• Minimising waste generation by maximising ash utilization.
• Providing green belts for nurturing ecological balance. 
• Reducing environmental pollution through ash pond management, water recycling system and liquid waste management.



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